United States Army Europe
United States Army Installation Management Command
Army in Europe
24 June 2011
Transportation and Travel
United States Military Motor Vehicle Operations on Public Roads
*This regulation supersedes AE Regulation 55-1, 24 May 2005.
For the Commander:
TERRY A. WOLFF
Major General, GS
Chief of Staff
DWAYNE J. VIERGUTZ
Chief, Army in Europe
Summary. This regulation prescribes policy and procedures for operating military vehicles on public roads during peacetime in Europe.
Summary of Change. This revision incorporates procedures for obtaining diplomatic clearance for transit through German States covered by the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany (2+4 Treaty) (app C).
Applicability. This regulation applies to U.S. military forces operating—Owned, leased, or loaned vehicles in the countries identified in paragraph 5a and in operational areas as prescribed by directives and operation orders.
Nontactical vehicles for matters not specified in AE Regulation 58-1. Conflicts between AE Regulation 58-1 and AE Regulation 55-1 will be resolved between IMCOM-Europe and the USAREUR G4.
Supplementation. Organizations will not supplement this regulation without USAREUR G4 (AEAGD-M) approval.
Forms. This regulation prescribes AE Form 55-1M and AE Form 55-1N. AE and higher level forms are available through the Army in Europe Library & Publishing System at https://aepubs.army.mil/.
Suggested Improvements. The proponent of this regulation is the USAREUR G4 (AEAGD-M, DSN 370-5499). Users may suggest improvements to this regulation by sending DA Form 2028 to the USAREUR G4 (AEAGD-M), Unit 29351, APO AE 09014-9351.
Distribution. B (AEPUBS).
PROCEDURES FOR VEHICLE MOVEMENTS
SAFETY, ACCIDENT PREVENTION, AND ACCIDENT REPORTING
B. Transportation Responsibility Points of Contact
C. Diplomatic Clearance
1. Host-Nation Holidays
2. Maximum Speeds for Normal Driving Conditions
3. Convoys Requiring Movement Credits
4. Oversize and Overweight Vehicles
C-1. Diplomatic Clearance Timelines
1. Format for Diplomatic Clearance Request (Single Country)
2. Format for Diplomatic Clearance Request (Multi-Country)
a. Prescribes policy, procedures, and responsibilities for operating U.S. military vehicles on public roads in peacetime in the countries identified in paragraph 5a and in operational areas as prescribed by directives and operation orders.
b. Assigns responsibilities for obtaining clearances for movements of U.S. military convoys, oversize and overweight vehicles, and other official motor vehicles.
Appendix A lists references.
3. EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS
The glossary defines abbreviations and terms.
Everyone involved in operating motor vehicles on public roads is responsible for the safety, discipline, and appearance of U.S. military drivers and their vehicles. Specific responsibilities are as follows:
a. The CG, USAREUR, is responsible for the control of U.S. military motor vehicles operating on public roads.
b. All U.S. military commanders will monitor and report on the timeliness and discipline of at least 20 percent of convoy, oversize, and overweight movements for their unit. The designated convoy-monitoring element will be identified by the command before convoy movement is initiated. Convoy-monitoring elements will send AE Form 55-1M to the servicing movement control element (MCE) within 1 hour after the last vehicle in the convoy departs the starting location. Notification is especially critical if a convoy departs more than 30 minutes before or after the authorized start time or if the convoy movement is canceled.
c. The Commander, 21st Theater Sustainment Command (21st TSC), is responsible for administering the functions associated with the movement of convoys and oversize or overweight vehicles on public roads. The CG, USAREUR, has delegated authority to the Commander, 21st TSC, to take final action on requests for exception to the policy in this regulation. Additionally, the Commander, 21st TSC, will coordinate—
(1) Routine, peacetime military-movement procedures in the countries identified in the applicability statement.
(2) With host-nation authorities on movements of U.S. military vehicles on their public roads.
d. MCEs will—
(1) Process requests for movement bids and coordinate between the requesting unit and the host-nation road movements approval authority. In Germany, all requests for road movements are sent to the Bundeswehr Logistics Center in Wilhelmshaven. In Italy, all requests for road movements are sent to the Ministry of Defense in Rome. The appropriate civilian host-nation road movements approval authority is the only office authorized to provide movement credits.
(2) Advise destination MCEs of approved movements into their area of responsibility (AOR).
e. Unit commanders and convoy commanders in charge of vehicle movements requiring a movement credit are responsible for ensuring—
(1) Movement bids for convoys, oversize or overweight vehicles, and vehicles carrying hazardous material (HAZMAT) are prepared and submitted to their servicing MCE according to this regulation.
(2) All information submitted on movement bids is complete and accurate.
(3) A map and ground-route reconnaissance is performed of routes that are unfamiliar or infrequently used.
(4) Risk assessments and orientation and safety briefings are conducted before vehicles depart.
(5) All personnel involved in the movement of cargo and personnel comply with applicable host-nation and U.S. military laws, rules, regulations, and instructions.
(6) That only qualified drivers who have a valid OF 346 operate the type of vehicles authorized.
(7) School-trained, reliable, experienced drivers are selected to operate vehicles transporting ammunition and explosives, carrying other dangerous cargo (including flammables), or used in emergencies (for example, ambulances, firetrucks, police patrol cars). All drivers of vehicles transporting dangerous goods must have a valid orange Accord Européen realtif au Transport International des Marchandises dangereus par Route (ADR) (European Agreement Concerning the Transportation of Hazardous Goods by Highway) card in their possession as well as another form of identification with their photograph.
(8) Drivers and crews of vehicles transporting dangerous goods are briefed on the contents and requirements of the instructions in writing applicable to the load. Drivers and crews must have the emergency equipment identified on the instructions and understand how to use this equipment before leaving the load pickup point.
(9) Vehicles and trailers transporting dangerous goods have an original signed, stamped, and dated “Certificate of Approval for Vehicles Carrying Certain Dangerous Goods” for each vehicle and trailer in English and the language of each nation transited.
(10) Vehicles and trailers transporting dangerous goods have all required ADR safety items attached to or with the vehicle and trailer.
(11) Accidents or en-route delays are reported promptly according to unit procedures.
(12) That convoy commanders or their representatives keep an approved copy of AE Form 55-1N or Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2155 with the valid movement number with each vehicle of the movement.
f. Shipping-activity personnel are responsible for providing accurate information (for example, dimension, weight, HAZMAT category) on military cargo or equipment for highway shipment. Shipping personnel will not load vehicles or trailers with HAZMAT unless the vehicles or trailers meet DD Form 626 and ADR requirements.
a. USAREUR will provide traffic-management services and conduct U.S. military motor-vehicle operations throughout the USEUCOM AOR. Specific countries include but are not limited to the following in accordance with USEUCOM Manual 4301.01:
(7) Czech Republic.
(10) Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).
(14) Italy (north of Rome).
(17) The Netherlands.
b. If conflicts arise between the policy in this regulation and host-nation laws, the host-nation laws will take precedence. The host-nation may dictate new requirements or change the rules for the operation of motor vehicles on public roads without notifying U.S. military authorities.
c. In Germany, vehicles used for towing operations must carry a copy of the permit (in both German and English) granting U.S. military vehicles permission to tow military equipment on the autobahn and from the autobahn onto a secondary road. (Vehicles may not be towed onto the autobahn from a secondary road.) Permits are available from the servicing MCE. Similar rules may exist in other countries. Servicing MCEs should be contacted for guidance.
d. Appendix B lists transportation POCs.
a. Host-nation authorities may impose special restrictions to limit the use of certain public roads, restrict movements to specific times, or restrict the movement of some types of vehicles. Host-nation restrictions apply to military motor-vehicle traffic. Deviations from host-nation regulations are not authorized. Exceptions to host-nation policy will be submitted as follows:
(1) The 21st TSC Support Operations (SPO) will—
(a) Forward information about restrictions to appropriate MCEs, the USAREUR G4, and other appropriate Service and joint organizations.
(b) Decide if requests for exception to policy for convoy, oversize or overweight, or HAZMAT movements (when subject to host-nation traffic restrictions and if a special determination of military necessity has been made) are valid. Requests will be sent to the appropriate host-nation military traffic-control authorities. Only host-nation authorities may approve exceptions to policy.
(c) Decide if requests for exceptions to policy for single-vehicle movements of high-priority cargo (for example, mail, subsistence, air lines of communication (ALOC)) or movements exceeding host-nation limits during restricted periods are valid. Requests will be forwarded to the appropriate host-nation military traffic-control authorities. Only host-nation authorities may approve exceptions to policy.
(2) The servicing MCE will forward—
(a) Requests for exception to policy for movements to the 21st TSC SPO. These cases will be handled individually through appropriate host-nation military traffic-control organizations.
(b) Approvals and disapprovals of requests for exceptions to policy for movement credits received from host-nation military traffic-control authorities to the unit.
b. The following are not allowed to operate on public roads from 0001 to 2200 on Sundays or host-nation holidays (and may be restricted further by local civilian authorities):
(1) Convoys and oversize or overweight vehicles.
(2) Military trucks and military truck/trailer combinations that exceed 7.5 metric tons (16,500 pounds or more) in gross vehicle weight (GVW).
(3) Military vehicles and trailers carrying HAZMAT.
(4) Movement of three or more military vehicles traveling together.
c. Host-nation authorities may add restrictions for the use of their highways during the peak summer holiday period and on host-nation holidays (table 1).
d. Individual vehicles not included in subparagraph b above may use public roads at a rate of not more than two vehicles per hour per start-point and may not exceed two vehicles per hour if routes merge.
e. Adverse weather or road conditions may require the suspension of operations of military vehicles in the interest of safety. Military community or unit commanders will determine the need to suspend motor-vehicle operations. This does not apply to military police, emergency, or vehicles supporting high-priority missions as determined by commanders of USAREUR major subordinate commands.
f. Certain roads and bridges are closed to vehicles that exceed the military load class (MLC) weight limitations posted on international road signs, even if the vehicle does not require a road clearance for being oversize or overweight. Drivers must be aware of the MLC of their vehicles or trailers and comply with posted limitations.
g. In case of a military “life or death” emergency or extreme operational necessity, exceptions may be approved only by the host-nation police authority for the particular area involved and only for the particular move involved. Colonel commanders and key staff officers (for example, the 21st TSC SPO) are the only personnel authorized to request exceptions through movement-control personnel. Host-nation police authorities are not obligated to approve requests.
| Table 1|
| || Albania,|
| Austria || Belgium || Bosnia and Herzegovina,|
| Czech Republic || Denmark |
| || Saturday 1500 until Sunday 2200 || || || || |
| || X || || || || |
|January || 1 || 1 and 6 || 1 || 1, 7, and 14 || 1 || 1 |
|February || || || || || || |
|March || 3 || || || 1 || || |
|April || Good Friday, Easter, and Easter Monday || Good Friday, Easter, and Easter Monday || Easter and Easter Monday || || Easter and Easter Monday || Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter, and Easter Monday |
|May || 1, 6, and 24 || 1 and Ascension Day || 1 and Ascension Day || 1 and 6 || 1 and 8 || Common Prayer Day and Ascension Day |
|June || || Whit Sunday, Whit Monday, and Corpus Christi || Whit Sunday and Whit Monday || 28 || || 5, Whit Sunday, and Whit Monday |
|July || || || 11 and 21 || 12 || 5 and 6 || |
|August || || 15 || 15 || 2, 15, and 28 || || |
|September || 6 and 22 || || || 8 and 21 || 28 || |
|October || || 26 || || || 28 || |
|November || 1 || 1 || 1 and 11 || 1, 2, 8, and 25 || 17 || |
|December || 24, 25, and 26 || 8, 25, and 26 || 25 || 25 || 24, 25, and 26 || 24, 25, 26, and 27 |
| || France || Germany || Greece || Hungary || Italy || FYROM |
| || || || || || |
| || X || || || X || |
|January || 1 || 1 and 6 || 1 and 6 || 1 || 1 and 6 || 1, 6, 7, and 14 |
|February || || Carnival || Clean Monday || || || |
|March || || || 25 || 15 || || 8 |
|April || Good Friday, Easter, and Easter Monday || Good Friday, Easter, and Easter Monday || Good Friday, Easter, Easter Monday, and Easter Tuesday || Easter and Easter Monday || 25, Easter, and Easter Monday || Easter |
|May || 1, 8, and Ascension Day || 1 and Ascension Day || 1 || 1 || 1 and Sunday nearest 2 June || 1 and 24 |
|June || Whit Sunday and Whit Monday || Whit Sunday, Whit Monday, and Corpus Christi || Holy Ghost || Whit Sunday and Whit Monday || || |
|July || 14 || || || || || |
|August || 14 || || 15 || 20 || 15 || 2 |
|September || || || || || || 8 |
|October || || 3 || 28 || 23 || || |
|November || 1 and 11 || || || 1 || Sunday nearest 4 November || |
|December || 25 and 26 || 25, 26, and 31 || 25 and 26 || 25 and 26 || 8, 25, and 26 || 25 and 26 |
| || || Netherlands || Poland || Romania,|
| Slovakia || Slovenia |
| || || || || || |
| || || || || || |
|January || || 1 || 1 || 1, 2, and 6 || 1 and 6 || 1 and 2 |
|February || || || || || || 8 |
|March || || || || || || |
|April || || Good Friday, Easter, Easter Monday, and Koninginnedag || Easter and Easter Monday || Easter and Easter Monday || Good Friday and Easter || Easter and Easter Monday |
|May || || 5 and Ascension Day || 1 and 3 || 1 || 1 || 1 and 2 |
|June || || Whit Sunday and Whit Monday || Corpus Christi || || || 25 and Corpus Christi |
|July || || || || || 5 || |
|August || || || 15 || 15 || 29 || 15 |
|September || || || || || 1 and 15 || |
|October || || || || || || 31 |
|November || || || 1 and 11 || || 1 || 1 |
|December || || 25 and 26 || 25 and 26 || 1, 25, and 26 || 24, 25, and 26 || 25 and 26 |
| NOTE: Servicing MCEs should be contacted for specific restrictions.|
7. MOVEMENT CREDITS
a. A movement credit must be obtained as prescribed in paragraph 14 for the following types of vehicle movements:
(1) Convoys and oversize or overweight vehicles.
(2) Tracked vehicles moving under their own power on public roads.
(3) Vehicles on highways or public roads moving at speeds less than the minimum posted speed limit.
(4) The movement of ammunition on public roads.
(5) The movement of certain types of HAZMAT (for example, ammunition (except for 1.4S), bulk fuel, radioactive shipments). AE Regulation 55-4 provides specific guidance.
(6) The movement of specific military vehicles or trailers when a host-nation waiver has not been approved.
(7) Vehicles operating when road restrictions have been imposed by the host nation. An exception to policy to move during restricted timeframes must be approved by host-nation military traffic-control authorities before a request for movement credit is submitted.
b. Host-nation authorities may require movement credits for other military movements not covered in this regulation. Servicing MCEs should be contacted for a complete list of requirements.
8. EN-ROUTE REFUELING
a. Convoy commanders will submit requests for refueling points along the convoy route with the request for movement credits. Convoy commanders may recommend refueling points, but the final decision will be made by the appropriate host-nation military traffic-control authorities. Convoys will not depart without approved refueling points.
b. Drivers of convoy vehicles will carry enough lubricants and oils during movement to avoid using commercial sources.
9. TRANSPORTATION OF HAZMAT CARGO
a. All drivers who transport HAZMAT will have a valid orange ADR card and a photo ID card in their possession. The Combined Arms Training Center provides ADR driver training in the CATC-HAZ 11 course.
NOTE: The 2011 edition of the ADR changed the format for the ADR driver training certificate. The certificate will be plastic with black lettering on a white background. Additional security features include the driver’s photograph, a hologram, and UV printing. Use of the new certificate will become mandatory on 1 January 2013. Until then, the orange ADR card will be used.
b. All personnel preparing, loading, and unloading HAZMAT from a vehicle must be trained as prescribed in current Army in Europe regulations.
c. Commanders will not direct an individual to operate a vehicle loaded with HAZMAT or operate its load equipment unless the individual is trained and certified.
d. AE Regulation 55-4 requires all vehicles and trailers that transport hazard class 1 (ammunition (except for 1.4S)) and hazard class 3 (fuel) to be inspected annually by an ADR-trained inspector from a 21st TSC maintenance activity. After a vehicle or trailer passes inspection, the inspector will issue a Certificate of Approval for Vehicles Carrying Certain Dangerous Goods (ADR, chap 9.1). The certificate must be in the vehicle or trailer when it is transporting ammunition (except for 1.4S) and bulk fuel. AE Regulation 55-4 provides guidance on obtaining this certificate.
NOTE: Transportation motor pool (TMP) vehicles used to transport hazard class 1 (except for 1.4S ammunition) are also required to have annual inspections and a Certificate of Approval with the vehicle.
e. DD Form 626 will be used for single-mission inspections when a vehicle is transporting ammunition and bulk fuel in tanker vehicles. This is required in addition to the Certificate of Approval. Unit personnel will inspect vehicles for obvious defects using DD Form 626 before dispatch. Quality-assurance personnel at ammunition supply points and bulk fuel points will also inspect the vehicle or trailer and will complete DD Form 626. Vehicles and trailers will not be loaded if quality-assurance personnel fail them for not meeting DD Form 626 standards.
f. All vehicles and trailers moving HAZMAT must be accompanied by valid HAZMAT transportation documents. AE Regulation 55-4 has a complete list of transportation documents required for the movement of HAZMAT.
g. Shippers are responsible for providing instructions in writing to drivers. These instructions will be carried throughout the transport for each item or group of items. Drivers will carry instructions in the languages of the driver, the origin country, and all countries to be transited. The driver must understand the requirements of the instructions and have all safety and environmental-protection materials required by the instructions before starting the transport. Instructions in writing are a commercial standard that may be locally procured or downloaded from http://www.per.hqusareur.army.mil/services/safetydivision/transport.htm.
h. All vehicles and trailers transporting dangerous goods will have required ADR safety items properly attached to or with the vehicle and trailer. Drivers of vehicles transporting dangerous cargo on European public roadways will display orange rectangular plates on the front and rear of the transport unit. Fuel-tank vehicles will also display numbered orange plates in a configuration complying with AE Regulation 55-4. ADR safety items—
(1) Must be secured in a way that they will not become loose during transport or by minor accident.
(2) May be installed by the unit or through 21st TSC maintenance activities. ADR safety items may be procured locally or through these maintenance activities.
i. Diamond placards have limited application in Europe. The rectangular orange warning plates are the European indication that a transport unit is transporting dangerous goods. Failure to properly placard a vehicle (including placing placards where and when they are not required) is a violation of host-nation law. When required, vehicle HAZMAT placards will be mounted on the left side, right side, and rear of the vehicle. No vehicle placards will be mounted on the front of the vehicle. Placards will be procured locally or through 21st TSC maintenance activities. AE Regulation 55-4 provides guidance.
(1) All vehicles and trailers transporting ammunition or explosives must have placards, except vehicles with cargo limited to 1.4S ammunition when carried under the small quantity exemption. AE Regulation 55-4 provides guidance.
(2) All tanker vehicles and vehicles transporting tank containers will have placards. Placards will not be painted on tanks. All placards will be mounted in brackets and attached to the vehicle. AE Regulation 55-4 provides guidance.
j. Containers must have placards on all four sides with placards required for each HAZMAT loaded inside. Vehicles transporting placarded containers do not require additional placards; however, the transport vehicle must be marked with orange rectangular warning plates.
k. Drivers will stop engines, set the handbrake, and chock wheels while loading and unloading vehicles. The vehicle engine may remain running when required to operate mechanical handling equipment organic to the vehicle.
l. Army in Europe force-protection rules require that all hazard class 1 movements have an armed driver and an armed assistant driver unless armed escorts have been coordinated through the 21st TSC Provost Marshal Office or the Italian Carabinieri.
m. Vehicles and trailers will be equipped with fire extinguishers. AE Regulation 55-4 provides guidance on fire-extinguisher requirements. Drivers will be trained to use fire extinguishers.
n. Passengers will not be permitted to travel in vehicles transporting nonexempt quantities of HAZMAT. Individuals designated with a specific crew duty are not “passengers.” The driver will brief all individuals in the vehicle crew on information in the instructions in writing, on fighting fires, and on responsibilities after an accident.
o. Drivers will ensure the body of each vehicle is free of—
(1) Contaminants that may cause a dangerous reaction with the load.
(2) Nails and other projections that may damage containers or produce sparks through metal-to-metal contact.
p. Responsible personnel will load cargo entirely within the body of the vehicle and ensure the cargo is secured and the tailgate is closed. The tarpaulin, if included with the vehicle, should be made of flameproof material. Government-owned vehicles normally are equipped with tarpaulins that are fire resistant when new.
q. Commanders will ensure HAZMAT is transported over the route presenting the least risk. This may require that a longer route be used. Drivers will avoid large cities and other congested areas when possible and will carry a stripmap to show the authorized route.
r. MCEs will determine if a special movement credit is required when moving certain types of HAZMAT (for example, ammunition, bulk fuel, radioactive material).
s. Drivers will not violate HAZMAT-posted routes under any circumstances. The following signs must be obeyed and stripmaps must include the following information about the signs:
| || No entry for any orange-plated vehicle transporting goods in packages, in a tank, or in bulk. |
| || No entry for any orange-plated vehicle carrying a water-contaminating load in packages, in a tank, or in bulk. |
t. HAZMAT loaded in a vehicle, in a container, or in multiple containers on the same vehicle must be compatible according to AE Regulation 55-4.
u. Cargo trucks and truck-tractor semitrailers and flatbeds (with sides and tailgates) are preferred vehicles for transporting explosives and ammunition. AE Regulation 55-4 limits the types of ammunition and explosives to certain types of vehicles and to certain maximum net-explosive weights.
v. The use of privately owned vehicles to transport explosives and ammunition is prohibited.
10. SPEED LIMITS
Convoy commanders will ensure—
a. Speed limits imposed by host nations are obeyed except when lower limits are established by the movement credit or the technical manual of the vehicle being operated. Senior occupants will ensure vehicles are operated at prescribed speeds.
b. Speed is reduced when appropriate to ensure safe operation based on road, weather, and traffic conditions. Table 2 prescribes maximum speed limits.
| Table 2|
Maximum Speeds for Normal Driving Conditions
| || Cities || Autobahns/|
| Speed Limits for NTVs (miles per hour/kilometers per hour) |
|NTVs under 7,000 pounds GVW (for example, cargo trucks, carryalls, minivans, panel trucks, sedans)||31/50||74/120||60/100|
| Exceptions |
|Buses or NTVs with 12 or more passengers seated||31/50||50/80||50/80|
|Buses or NTVs with 12 or more passengers standing||31/50||Not authorized||Not authorized|
|NTVs over 7,000 pounds GVW (for example, cargo, refuse, and tank trucks (including tractor and trailer), wreckers)||31/50||50/80||37/60|
|NTVs pulling any type of trailer||31/50||50/80||50/80|
| Speed Limits for Tactical Vehicles (miles per hour/kilometers per hour) |
|March columns (excluding vehicles that may further restrict speed)||31/50||50/80||50/80|
|Oversize, overweight, and towed vehicles||31/50||50/80||37/60|
|Trucks, ¼- to 1¼-ton (with or without trailers, including high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles (HMMWVs))||31/50||50/80||37/60|
|Trucks and truck tractors, 1½-ton and larger (with or without trailers)||25/40||50/80||37/60|
|Trucks transporting ammunition, dangerous cargo, or explosives||25/40||50/80||37/60|
|Vehicles that have not had the antilock brake system (ABS) retrofit modification workorder (MWO) completed||25/40||40/65||35/57|
1. The speed limits above will be observed unless a lower speed limit is posted or weather or traffic conditions warrant a lower speed.
2. For vehicles carrying hazardous cargo, the following applies:
a. If visibility is less than 50 meters, the driver will stop at the nearest parking area until visibility improves.
b. If the vehicle weighs more than 3½ tons and is traveling faster than 31 miles per hour/50 kilometers per hour, the vehicle will maintain a distance of at least 50 meters from the vehicle in front.
11. MOVEMENT TO AND FROM TRAINING AREAS
a. Maneuver rights in training areas do not include movement credits to and from the training areas. Unit commanders will obtain these credits as prescribed in paragraph 14.
b. The initial movement from home station to the training area will be requested through the servicing MCE according to timelines established by the servicing MCE.
c. The movement from the training area to the home station will be requested through the servicing training area MCE.
d. Convoy commanders will ensure vehicle bumper markings are not removed during movement to and from a training area. Convoy commanders will ensure driver and vehicle identification is made available to authorities (for example, foresters, military or civilian police) when requested.
e. Convoy commanders will ensure that movement numbers and other convoy identification markings are displayed as prescribed by Allied Movement Publication 1 and this regulation for movements over public roads.
PROCEDURES FOR VEHICLE MOVEMENTS
a. The unit commander will submit a request for clearance on AE Form 55-1N or STANAG 2155 to receive approval (movement credit) to the servicing MCE responsible for the area from which the movement originates.
b. Unit commanders will ensure the weights and dimensions on AE Form 55-1N or STANAG 2155 are accurate. Weights and dimensions must be in metric units. Particular emphasis should be placed on vehicle distinctions (for example, M1A1, M2A2).
c. The MCE will receive movement credits and numbers (movement orders) only after coordination with and approval by host-nation authorities. Host-nation-approved clearances and routings are binding and are considered an order of the CG, USAREUR. Unit commanders requesting changes to an approved clearance or exceptions to policy will submit their requests through their servicing MCE to the 21st TSC SPO.
d. Drivers of military vehicles crossing international borders will carry STANAG 2155 and all of the following:
(1) OF 346.
(2) DD Form 2A(ACT).
(3) NATO travel orders for military drivers and temporary duty orders for local national drivers.
(4) List of emergency telephone numbers (including telephone numbers for the host-nation law-enforcement agency).
13. CONVOYS AND OVERSIZE OR OVERWEIGHT VEHICLE MOVEMENTS
Convoys, oversize and overweight vehicles, and slow-moving vehicles directly affect traffic safety. Movement credits help host-nation military traffic-control authorities manage the risks associated with integrating military traffic into the public highway system.
a. Convoys Requiring Movement Credits. A movement credit is required when the number of vehicles in a convoy equals or exceeds that indicated for the countries listed in table 3.
| Table 3|
Convoys Requiring Movement Credits
|P = peacetime; W = wartime|
| Country || P || W || Country || P || W |
|Austria||7|| ||Hungary||6|| |
|Baltic States||6|| ||Italy||7||(note 2)|
|Croatia||7|| ||Romania||6|| |
|Czech Republic||10|| ||Poland||10|| |
|Denmark||31||31||Serbia||(note 3)|| |
|FYROM||6|| ||Slovenia||10|| |
|Germany||11||31|| || || |
1. Can be waived if required.
2. In times of war, for convoys in Italy traveling over—
a. Dispatch routes, a movement credit is required for convoys or columns of more than 19 vehicles.
b. Reserved routes, an authorization or movement credit is required for every movement (even for a single vehicle).
c. Supervised routes, the minimum number of vehicles by which a movement credit is determined will be specified by the military authority supervising the routes.
3. Contact the servicing MCE for the current status.
b. Movement Credits. Host-nation military traffic-control authorities will provide approval for movement (a movement credit) through the MCE to the requesting unit. This movement credit grants the moving unit permission to move over a specified route at a fixed time as prescribed in the movement instructions issued with the movement credit. Movement credits and routings provided through host-nation authorities are binding and are considered an order of the CG, USAREUR.
(1) Units must understand that only proper host-nation military traffic-control authorities may grant final approval for movements requiring a movement credit. Units may not begin movement until the movement credit is granted.
(2) At the same time that a movement credit is issued, a movement number will be allocated. This movement number, once issued, becomes a movement order. The movement number will identify the move during the entire road movement.
c. Organization. Host-nation military traffic-control authorities may dictate the size of, composition of, and distance between march units. Convoy commanders will adhere to the conditions of the approved movement credit. The following is a guideline for the convoy commander unless changed by the host nation:
(1) A march unit normally will not exceed 25 vehicles. For control purposes, a march serial will be limited to no more than five march units.
(2) At least 5 minutes will separate march units and at least 15 minutes will separate march serials on the open road.
(3) The interval between vehicles in an open-column march unit must be at least 100 meters (110 yards) or a 6-second interval on highways, and 50 meters (60 yards) or a 4-second interval on secondary roads (excluding congested areas). March units will reduce their speed and vehicle intervals when approaching congested areas and proceed in a closed column.
(4) The interval may be reduced to 25 meters (30 yards) or a 2-second interval, whichever results in a greater distance, for movements through congested areas. The prescribed distance will be resumed after clearing the congested area. Convoy commanders may order the gap between vehicles reduced to permit visibility of the preceding vehicle during inclement weather or when road conditions are poor. Convoy commanders will not reduce this gap if doing so would prevent civilian traffic from passing convoy vehicles safely.
(a) Convoy commanders will ensure that principles of march discipline are followed at all times.
(b) Commanders must request rest halts and refueling points along the route when submitting road clearances. Commanders may make recommendations, but host-nation military traffic-control authorities have the final say. Convoy commanders will not deviate from an approved movement credit.
(c) If necessary, guide personnel will facilitate the safe, continuous flow of civilian traffic when convoys or vehicles are halted or stopped. In these situations, the following applies:
1. Guide personnel, road guards, wrecker operators, and other personnel will wear reflective clothing when walking on or near public roadways.
2. Drivers will stop vehicles off the pavement and clear of intersections. Drivers also will ensure intervals in halted convoys are closed. Drivers will use caution when resuming movement. Personnel in trail vehicles will post a guard with the proper reflective clothing to warn approaching traffic that stopped vehicles are ahead.
3. Civilian drivers wishing to pass are responsible for determining safe passing conditions. Convoy drivers will be instructed to assist passing vehicles by slowing down and providing adequate space for passing vehicles to return to the traffic lane.
(d) Drivers in military convoys must follow special rules for movement through intersections. When a military convoy with proper markings and intervals is moving through an intersection with a traffic light, other traffic should stop to permit the convoy to continue through the intersection, even if the light has changed. Safety is paramount. If the civilian traffic does not allow the convoy to continue, drivers in military convoys will not force their right of way.
1. In the absence of host-nation police, military personnel on the ground must warn approaching civilian traffic of the convoy passing through the intersection. These personnel must wear reflective clothing to increase their visibility and to be easily recognized as warning guides. Military personnel on the ground may serve only to warn civilian traffic; they will not regulate or control civilian traffic.
2. Motor vehicles may be used for warning purposes. Motor vehicles will not block the traffic lane. The convoy has the right of way only if other drivers have been sufficiently warned.
3. Other traffic is obligated by law to stop and permit a convoy to continue through an intersection once it has entered it, but the convoy has no authority to enforce its right of way over other traffic. If a driver ignores the warning and fails to yield the right of way to the convoy, military personnel will not take action to force the civilian driver to stop the vehicle. Military personnel should report these violations to the host-nation police, who may then cite the driver for violating traffic laws.
4. Convoy commanders should seek host-nation police assistance to regulate traffic before warning civilian traffic, when possible.
(e) Host-nation military and civilian police have the authority to override approved clearances. Drivers must be instructed to obey police instructions.
d. Route and Schedule. Unit and convoy commanders are prohibited from changing convoy routes, schedules, or composition without approval of the host-nation military traffic-control authority that issued the movement credit.
(1) Flexibility has been included in movement credits to allow vehicles to depart within 30 minutes before or after the approved start time. Departure more than 30 minutes before or after an approved start time requires a new movement credit. The appropriate commander must contact the servicing MCE to request a new time. The new movement credit may or may not be granted in a timely manner. Commanders therefore must be prepared to conduct the movement at a later date. Reports of missed starting times will be forwarded to the 21st TSC SPO within 1 hour after the missed time.
(2) Commanders of convoys not requiring a clearance will avoid congested areas. Movement through these areas during peak traffic periods is not authorized.
e. Identification of March Columns. Convoy commanders will—
(1) Identify each march column by convoy flags and a movement number.
(2) Identify each convoy, oversize-vehicle, and overweight-vehicle movement receiving a movement credit by the movement number issued by host-nation military traffic-control authorities. This number identifies the column during the movement and will be prominently marked in chalk on the left- and right-side door of each vehicle. It will also be marked on the front of the leading vehicle and the rear of the last vehicle of each organized element of the column.
(a) Movement numbers must—
1. Have a color that contrasts with the color of the surface on which they are marked.
2. Be placed on both sides of each vehicle.
3. Be legible from ground level at a minimum distance of 6 meters in normal daylight and remain legible in all weather during the entire movement.
4. Be removed as soon as the movement is completed.
(b) Movement number consist of the following:
1. Two figures indicating the day of the month on which the movement is due to begin.
2. Three or more letters indicating the movement agency issuing the movement credit, with the first two letters being the national symbols of the movement agency.
3. Two or three figures indicating the serial number of the movement.
4. One letter to identify the packets of the column (optional).
(3) Enforce the following minimum lighting and flagging requirements:
(a) In peacetime, all vehicles moving in a column must have low-beam headlights turned on at all times. During contingencies or wartime, operational movement credits will address the use of headlights. Allied Movement Publication 1 provides country-specific requirements.
(b) The lead vehicle, trail vehicle, and column commander’s vehicle must carry an identification flag. Flags will be mounted on the left side of each vehicle unless traveling in a country where driving on the left side is practiced. Flags will then be mounted on the right side. Allied Movement Publication 1 provides country-specific requirements.
(c) The lead vehicle of each march unit will display a—
1. Blue flag (national stock number (NSN) 8345-00-543-6912) and at least one but not more than two rotating amber warning lights (RAWLs).
2. Sign with the words CONVOY FOLLOWS (all uppercase) in English and in the language of the host nation or nations transited (for example, KOLONNE FOLGT for Germany, INIZIO COLONNA for Italy). The sign will be at least 25 centimeters high and 75 centimeters long. The letters will be black on a white, nonglare background. The sign must not obscure taillights, directional signals, or factory-installed reflectors. Allied Movement Publication 1, chapter 5, provides country-specific flagging, light, and sign requirements for convoys.
(d) The last vehicle of each march unit will display a—
1. Green flag (NSN 8345-00-543-6913) and at least one but not more than two RAWLs.
2. Sign with the words END OF CONVOY (all uppercase) in English and in the language of the host nation or nations transited (for example, KOLONNE ENDE in Germany, FINE COLONNA in Italy). The sign will be at least 25 centimeters high and 75 centimeters long. The letters will be black on a white, nonglare background. The sign must not obscure taillights, directional signals, or factory-installed reflectors. Allied Movement Publication 1, chapter 5, provides country-specific flagging, light, and sign requirements for convoys.
(e) The march unit commander will display a black-and-white flag (NSN 8345-00-543-6911).
(f) The convoy commander will determine which remaining vehicles should be equipped with RAWLs based on visibility, weather conditions, and convoy spacing.
(1) An escort is required for oversize or overweight vehicles (excluding (4) below). The escort will consist of two vehicles (excluding (3) and (4) below) equipped with at least one but not more than two functional RAWLs. The lead escort vehicle (LEV) must have the RAWLs on the front of the vehicle, and the rear escort vehicle must have the RAWLs on the rear of the vehicle. The servicing MCE will advise the host-nation POC of any civilian police-escort requirements. Additional escort requirements may be issued with the movement credit received from the host nation and must be followed.
(a) The escort will be positioned to warn oncoming and overtaking vehicles and allow drivers of these vehicles to adjust their speed when appropriate.
(b) Unit commanders may use any military vehicle as an LEV. The trail escort vehicle (TEV) must be a 2½-ton truck or larger if available, but will not be a tracked vehicle. When 2½-ton or larger trucks are not available, unit commanders will use a 1-ton or larger truck.
(c) The TEV will not transport troops or HAZMAT. The TEV may tow a trailer if it is adequately lighted and the RAWL is clearly visible from the rear. Escort-vehicle drivers will use RAWLs when escorting vehicles. Vehicles will not exceed the dimensions listed in table 4. Each march unit must have its own TEV because of distances often experienced during convoy operations.
(2) The escort requirement may be reduced to a single vehicle with a functional front and rear RAWL if the oversize or overweight vehicle is equipped with a functional front and rear RAWL. A single escort will follow the oversize or overweight vehicle on autobahns and lead the oversize or overweight vehicle on secondary roads. This requirement also applies to movement in maneuver coordination and field exercise areas.
(3) Overheight vehicles normally require a movement credit. Single overheight vehicles may move without an escort during daylight. Allied Movement Publication 1 provides country-specific requirements.
(4) When host-nation escorts have been coordinated and a convoy or oversize or overweight vehicle has fallen behind schedule, the convoy or vehicle commander will notify the origin MCE of the delay. The MCE will coordinate with the appropriate escort authorities to notify them of the delay and the expected arrival time.
| Table 4|
Oversize and Overweight Vehicles
| Country || Oversize || Width || Height || Length || Overweight |
| Albania, Austria, Baltic States || (note 1) |
| Belgium || Single vehicle || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 12 meters || || |
| || || || || 1 or 2 axles || 16 metric tons |
| || || || || 3+ axles || 22 metric tons |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 15.5 meters || || 44 metric tons |
| Truck and trailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 20 meters || || 44 metric tons |
| Bosnia and Herzegovina || (note 1) |
| Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Romania, Serbia || (note 1) |
| Denmark || Single vehicle, 2 axles || 2.55 meters ||4 meters || 10 meters || || |
| Single vehicle, 3+ axles || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 12 meters || || |
| || || || || 1 or 2 axles || 18 metric tons |
| || || || || 3+ axles || 24 metric tons |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 14 meters || || 32 metric tons |
| Truck and trailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 18 meters || || 44 metric tons |
| France || Single vehicle || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 11 meters || || |
| || || || || 1 or 2 axles || 13 metric tons |
| || || || || 3+ axles || 26 metric tons |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 16.5 meters || || 38 metric tons |
| Truck and trailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 18.35 meters || || 38 metric tons |
| FYROM || (note 1) |
| Germany || Single vehicle || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 12 meters || || |
| || || || || 1 or 2 axles || 10 metric tons |
| || || || || 3+ axles || 22 metric tons |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 15.5 meters || || 40 metric tons |
| Truck and trailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 18.35 meters || || 40 metric tons |
| Greece, Hungary, Kosovo, Poland || (note 1) |
| Italy || Single vehicle || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 12 meters || || |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 16.5 meters || (note 2) || |
| Truck and trailer || 2.55 meters || 4 meters || 18.75 meters || || |
| Netherlands || Single vehicle || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 12 meters || || |
| || || || || 1 or 2 axles || 16 metric tons |
| || || || || 3+ axles || 22 metric tons |
| Tractor and semitrailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 15.5 meters || || 50 metric tons |
| Truck and trailer || 2.5 meters || 4 meters || 18 meters || || 50 metric tons |
| Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia || (note 1) |
| NOTES: 1. Contact the servicing MCE when traveling from, in, or through this country.|
2. There are 13 different weight categories in Italy. For details, contact the 14th Movement Control Battalion.
14. PROCEDURES FOR REQUESTING MOVEMENT CREDITS
a. Routine Requests. Unit commanders will send requests for routine movements on AE Form 55-1N or STANAG 2155 to the servicing MCE according to timelines established by the servicing MCE.
b. Exception to Policy.
(1) Commanders with a requirement to move during restricted travel periods (for example, because of an emergency, operational necessity, or deployment) will submit a request for exception to policy to their servicing MCE. The MCE will forward the request through its headquarters to the 21st TSC SPO for action. Requests are valid only when authenticated by a lieutenant colonel for battalion-size and smaller units or by a colonel for units above battalion level. The 21st TSC SPO will concur or nonconcur with the request and forward it to the appropriate host-nation military traffic-control authorities. Only host-nation military traffic-control authorities may approve an exception to policy. Movements will not take place until the movement credit is issued by the host-nation military traffic-control authorities through the appropriate MCE. Commanders will include the following information on these requests:
(a) Unit name.
(b) Time and date of the move with the start-point and the release point.
(c) Origin and destination of move.
(d) Proposed route.
(e) Number of wheeled vehicles and largest wheeled vehicles that will move. The largest vehicle (oversize or overweight) will be identified by type, size, and weight.
(f) Number of tracked vehicles and largest tracked vehicle moving under its own power. The largest tracked vehicle (oversize or overweight) will be identified by type, size, and weight.
(g) Justification for the move.
(h) Authentication POC and telephone number.
(2) The 21st TSC SPO will—
(a) Ensure movements during restricted travel times are made between 2200 and 0600.
(b) Ensure movements during the heavy traffic period (0600 through 2200) are kept to a minimum.
(c) Send copies of the concurrence to the appropriate host-nation military traffic-control authority.
NOTE: Exceptions to policy, regardless of the reason, will not be processed on Fridays after 1200 or on host-nation holidays.
c. Emergency Requests. Unit commanders will submit requests for emergency movements to the MCE servicing the area where the emergency occurs. After normal duty hours, commanders will contact the 21st TSC Combined Operations and Intelligence Center watch officer at DSN 484-7500.
(1) The MCE cannot provide movement credits after duty hours. Host-nation military traffic control offices close early on Fridays and are closed on host-nation holidays.
(2) In countries where there is no MCE, unit commanders will contact the local host-nation police in case of an emergency.
(3) Unit commanders will send a situation report to the 21st TSC SPO when the emergency ends.
d. Recurring Clearance. If a unit often moves on the same route with the same equipment, the unit commander may acquire a recurring clearance. Once a recurring clearance is granted, a telephone call will activate a move 48 hours before execution. Examples of such recurring moves are materials-handling equipment moving from motor pools to annual service practice, or tracked vehicles moving to local training areas. Unit commanders should review their routine requirements and send potential recurring moves for review to the MCE. Generally, 15 or more moves per year are required to qualify for a recurring clearance.
15. DIPLOMATIC TRANSIT CLEARANCES
a. General. Each host nation reserves the right to grant or deny permission to move across or within its sovereign boundaries. For ground-transportation movements, this permission is called a diplomatic or transit clearance. A diplomatic clearance will be processed for every country in which a movement occurs. Diplomatic clearances will be granted for—
(1) Specific missions. This includes all modes of transportation (for example, rail, commercial trucks, unit organic military trucks, common user land transportation (CULT) assets, TMP).
(2) Specific items or personnel (for example, meals, ready-to-eat; advance party of 16 Soldiers).
(3) Specific time periods.
(4) Designated border-crossing points for entry and exit.
(5) Prescribed routes of movement. (The country being transited will dictate the specific route and border-crossing point.)
NOTE: Border-crossing points are available in the Handbook on Support Within the Scope of Host Nation Support in Germany (HS HNS DEU). This handbook is available at http://www.streitkraefteunterstuetzungskommando.bundeswehr.de/portal/a/skukdo (click on Service & Presse, then Host Nation Support; the handbook is under Downloads).
b. Additional Information. Host-nation authorities may ask for additional information for specific missions. Because the level of detail requested may change at any time, commanders must remain flexible. Failure to submit a diplomatic clearance may result in the movement being delayed at the border entry point until the information has been processed and the clearance approved.
c. Diplomatic Clearance Requirements. The 21st TSC SPO Transportation Integration Branch (TIB) does not establish diplomatic clearance requirements and is not the final approval authority. The appropriate host-nation authorities in each sovereign nation will establish the requirements and decide whether or not to approve the clearance request. The 21st TSC SPO TIB, as the executive agent for USEUCOM, processes clearance requests with the individual countries that are being transited.
d. Requesting Diplomatic Clearance.
(1) Units and organizations requesting diplomatic clearance will—
(a) Submit all requests for diplomatic clearances (transit requests) through the servicing MCE. (Figures 1 and 2 are sample request formats.)
(b) Annotate in the request if the movement will require additional host-nation support (escorts, safe havens, or both).
(c) Inform the servicing MCE of any changes in the movement plans.
(2) MCEs will—
(a) Ensure unit requests have all required information in accordance with timelines established by every country.
(b) Forward diplomatic clearance requests to the 21st TSC SPO TIB.
(c) Notify the 21st TSC SPO TIB of any changes in submitted requests.
(3) The 21st TSC SPO TIB will—
(a) Review requests for correctness and forward them according to host-nation guidelines to the appropriate agency. Requests will be sent to the U.S. Embassy Defense Attaché Office or the Office of Defense Cooperation, or directly to the host-nation movement-control organizations.
(b) Maintain a record of all processed requests and received changes.
(c) Maintain contact with host-nation authorities responsible for processing diplomatic clearance requests.
NOTE: When a movement transits more than one nation, the most restrictive time requirement should be used as the critical time path in order to ensure that diplomatic clearance requests are submitted on time.
(4) The 21st TSC Provost Marshal Office will receive and coordinate requests for movement of arms, ammunition, and explosives (AA&E) crossing international borders and arrange for host-nation support escorts and required safe havens in coordination with the 21st TSC G5 Host Nation Support Office.
| A || TYPE OF MOVE/PURPOSE OF MOVEMENT: Provide the purpose of the requested transit.|
| B || ORGANIZATION (TELEPHONE # AND POC): Provide the shipping organization and POC with telephone number (origin MCT or BMCT).|
| C || PROPOSED ITINERARY: Provide the route of the movement (by country).|
| D || ORIGIN OF MOVEMENT: Provide the movement departure location.|
| E || POINT OF ENTRY INTO COUNTRY: Provide the entry point into the country.|
| F || ETA INTO COUNTRY: Provide the estimated date and time of arrival in country.|
| G || PROPOSED ROUTE THROUGH COUNTRY: Provide the proposed route from border entry point to border exit point.|
| H || POINT OF DEPARTURE FROM COUNTRY: Provide the departure location.|
| I || ESTIMATED DEPARTURE TIME FROM COUNTRY: Provide the estimated time of departure.|
| J || FINAL DESTINATION (INCLUDE POC): Provide the final destination of the movement and the destination POC.|
| K || VEHICLE DATA (INCLUDE TRUCK COMPANY NAME IF COMMERCIAL): Provide a description of the vehicles. Include the carrier’s name, license plate numbers, bumper numbers, serial numbers, and the number of vehicles (including trucks and trailers, if applicable).|
| L || GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS: Provide a description of the cargo. Be sure to note hazardous cargo and ammunition.|
| M || PERSONNEL DATA: Provide a passenger manifest. Include the names and grades of military and civilian personnel and their passport numbers, if applicable. If personnel will carry weapons or ammunition, list weapon serial numbers, the amount of ammunition, and how the weapons and ammunition will be transported.|
| N || TMR NUMBER: Provide the first six characters of the TMR number.|
Figure 1. Format for Diplomatic Clearance Request (Single Country)
| || || ||TRANSIT REQUEST|
| || DATE: [DATE]|
TO: DMC - Transportation
SUBJECT: Transit Request
| || |
| 1 ||TMR/Mission Number:|| || FIRST SIX CHARACTERS OF TMR |
| 2 ||Exporting/Importing Country|| || U.S. FORCES GERMANY - U.S. FORCES AT DESTINATION |
| 3 ||Origin MCT and POC:|| || ORIGIN MCT AND POC |
| 4 ||Major Command/Shipper:|
Origin of Movement:
POC & Tel No:
| || SHIPPER|
POC AND TELEPHONE NUMBER
| 5 ||Destination MCT:|
POC & Tel No:
| || DESTINATION|
POC AND TELEPHONE NUMBER
| 6 ||Purpose of Movement/Transit:|| || PURPOSE OF MOVEMENT |
| 7 ||Departure Date and Time:|| || DEPARTURE DATE AND TIME |
| 8 ||Proposed Itinerary:|| || ROUTE OF THE MOVEMENT (BY COUNTRY) |
| || || || CITY NAME || DATE|
DAY, MONTH, YEAR
| LOCAL TIME|
| A || GERMANY || ||DEPART|| || |
| || || || ORIGIN LOCATION || || |
| || ||EXIT GERMANY|| || |
| || || || PASSAU || || |
| B || AUSTRIA || ||ENTRY AUSTRIA|| || |
| || || || SUBEN || || |
| || ||EXIT AUSTRIA|| || |
| || || || NICKELSDORF || || |
| C || HUNGARY || ||ENTRY HUNGARY|| || |
| || || || HEGYESHALOM || || |
| || ||EXIT HUNGARY|| || |
| || || || NAGYLAK || || |
| D || ROMANIA || ||ENTRY ROMANIA|| || |
| || || || NADLAC || || |
| || ||EXIT ROMANIA|| || |
| || || || GIURGIU || || |
| E || BULGARIA || ||ENTRY BULGARIA|| || |
| || || || RUSSE || || |
| || ||EXIT BULGARIA|| || |
| || || || GYUESHEVO || || |
| F || FYROM || ||ENTRY FYROM|| || |
| || || || KRIVA PALANKA || || |
| || ||EXIT FYROM|| || |
| || || || DJEN YANKOVIC || || |
| G || KOSOVO || ||ENTRY KOSOVO|| || |
| || || || KACANIC || || |
| || ||ARRIVE|| || |
| || || || CAMP BONDSTEEL || || |
| 9 ||Rail: No. and Type Railcars:|| || NUMBER AND TYPE OF RAILCARS |
| 10 ||Highway Movements|| || NUMBER OF MILITARY OR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES |
| || TRUCKS (TRUCK/TRAILER) || || || DRIVERS NAMES AND PASSPORT NUMBERS |
| || 1 (LICENSE PLATES) || || 1 || (NAME AND PASSPORT NUMBER) |
| || 2 || || 2 || |
| || 3 || || 3 || |
| || 4 || || 4 || |
| 11 ||Carrier Information|| || || CARRIER’S NAME |
| 12 ||Description of Cargo:|| || || CARGO DESCRIPTION|
| 13 ||Number Size and Type of Containers|| || || NUMBER AND TYPE OF CONTAINERS |
| 14 ||Additional Personnel|| || || ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL|
(FOR EXAMPLE, GUARDS)
| 15 ||Documentation:|| || || U.S. TRANSPORT DOCUMENTS |
| 16 ||Special Remarks|| || || ANY SPECIAL REMARKS|
Figure 2. Format for Diplomatic Clearance Request (Multi-Country)
e. Movement of HAZMAT. When HAZMAT is being transported, the following information must be provided when submitting diplomatic clearance requests:
(1) United Nations number.
(2) Proper shipping name.
(3) Hazard classification number.
(4) Item number inside the class.
(5) Weight in kilograms of the HAZMAT (including packaging). Hazard class 1 (ammunition) must also include the net explosive weight (NEW) in kilograms.
f. Diplomatic Clearance Requests. There are two types of diplomatic clearance requests: single country and multi-country.
(1) Single-country requests (fig 1) provide specific information related to only one country. The information required for most single-country requests is the same. Some countries may require different information based on the type of movement or the mission being supported.
(2) Multi-country requests (fig 2) facilitate the processing of movements crossing more than one country. The request provides every affected country details of the movement, including the timeline and the route.
(1) Every country has a specified timeline for the receipt of diplomatic clearance requests. Some countries will accept late requests, and some will not. Late requests for diplomatic clearances may result in the rejection of the movement or the movement being delayed at the border until the country authorizes it to proceed.
(2) Particular attention will be given to movements of ammunition, weapons, combat vehicles, Soldiers, or anything else that would require escorts (either U.S. or host nation) or safe havens. For these types of transports, countries normally require a longer processing time. Units will not be authorized to move until all coordination for escorts and safe havens has been completed.
(3) Appendix C provides more information about timelines for obtaining diplomatic clearances.
SAFETY, ACCIDENT PREVENTION, AND ACCIDENT REPORTING
a. Accidents involving U.S. Army military motor vehicles drain DOD resources and hinder mission accomplishment. Unit commanders will conduct an aggressive and continuing motor-vehicle safety program to avoid needless losses. The commander’s program must integrate driver selection and training, operational safety, risk assessment and management, incident investigation, and corrective action.
b. Commanders will emphasize motor-vehicle accident-prevention programs that promote safety awareness. These programs will be conducted as prescribed by AE Regulation 385-55.
17. ACTIONS IN CASE OF AN ACCIDENT
Drivers involved in accidents will—
a. Provide all possible assistance to the injured. U.S. Army combat vehicles, buses, and NTVs must be equipped with first-aid kits (NSN 6545-00-922-1200). These kits are available through normal supply channels.
b. Warn other motorists of any existing highway hazard.
c. Notify military police and other appropriate authorities. For accidents occurring off military installations, local police or emergency-service personnel will be notified first when there is an injury, fire, HAZMAT spill, or a hazard to public traffic.
d. Release their military vehicles only to appropriate U.S. authorities. Appropriate authorities will investigate each accident involving a Government-owned vehicle or rented administrative-use motor vehicle.
(1) Vehicle crews and commanders will investigate and immediately complete SF 91. The next senior person responsible for motor-vehicle operations will complete the report if the SF 91 cannot be prepared by the driver because of injury or death. The driver or next senior person responsible will deliver the completed SF 91 as soon as possible to the motor-transport officer.
(2) Unit commanders will prepare safety reports according to AE Regulation 385-40 to identify and correct safety risks.
(3) Unit commanders will perform a separate collateral investigation of the accident. The investigation should determine accident liability and whether any admission of liability has been made that could prejudice the rights of, or serve to obligate the U.S. Government.
(4) Neither drivers nor passengers will—
(a) Express oral or written opinions to claimants or agents concerning liability, investigation findings, or the possibility of a claim approval.
(b) Make official accident investigation reports available to a claimant or any individual or representative of any non-U.S. Army organization, including host-nation police.
(5) Unit commanders will take appropriate action when drivers fail to report an accident (for example, suspension of driving license, remedial training, punishment under the United States Code of Military Justice).
18. SAFETY MEASURES
a. Drivers must be trained and certified before operating an official duty vehicle. Drivers must obey local traffic laws and regulations.
b. Unit commanders will perform a mission risk assessment of each mission and brief the vehicle crews involved.
c. Seatbelts, when installed, will be worn by all occupants. The operator and passengers in a vehicle equipped with seatbelts will fasten their seatbelts and keep them fastened while the vehicle is in motion. Senior military passengers or operators will enforce this requirement.
d. Warning devices (such as lights, turn signals, and horns) will be used as conditions and local law require.
e. Glass areas of U.S. Army vehicles must be free of posters, stickers, cracks, discoloration, and nontransparent material that could impair the driver’s vision or create a hazard.
f. Light lenses will be kept clean. Operators of military motor vehicles on public roads and highways will keep lights on throughout the entire route. Drivers operating vehicles during inclement weather that reduces visibility (for example, fog, rain, sleet, snow) will use low-beam (not parking) lights. Blackout lights may be used on public roads only when traffic-control or other risk-reduction measures are implemented, and only with the permission of authorities with local jurisdiction.
g. Personnel will be transported according to policy in AR 385-55 and AE Regulation 385-55. Troops will not be transported in the back of cargo vehicles when outside of training areas. Buses or other personnel-movement vehicles must be used.
h. All cargo in a vehicle will be restrained to prevent its movement within the vehicle body and to prevent losing it during transport. Cargo must be restrained to prevent movement from front to rear, side to side, and up and down.
i. Drivers of emergency vehicles (fire department, police, medical) will—
(1) Drive in a manner that does not endanger life or property and comply with speed restrictions and other traffic regulations. Drivers also will give adequate warning of their approach by means of appropriate visual or auditory signals, or both, when operating vehicles under emergency conditions.
(2) Assume the right of way only when and where it is evident that other traffic has yielded the right of way in response to the emergency vehicle signal (visual, auditory). Emergency vehicles will never be driven in a manner that endangers life or property.
j. When a vehicle is disabled (including at accident sites)—
(1) Unit commanders will ensure that two highway warning devices (reflective triangles, reflective cones, or blinking lights) are used in accordance with the host-nation requirements. These devices must be carried in each military vehicle and used in emergencies.
(2) Vehicle crews will use warning devices to warn traffic of the situation. The device should be fully opened before leaving the vehicle and carried as a personal warning device until positioned properly.
(3) Recovery personnel will remove disabled vehicles from traffic lanes without delay. Recovery personnel will observe the following when towing vehicles on public highways:
(a) No more than one vehicle will be towed behind a motor vehicle on public highways. A towing vehicle must be suitable for that purpose and will tow only a vehicle of smaller or equal size and weight. Drivers will not use vehicles transporting ammunition or hazardous cargo to tow other vehicles.
(b) Only a wrecker truck or vehicle with a standard towbar and drag chains will be used for towing. Recovery personnel will use towchains only when wrecker trucks or towbars are not available. Use of towchains will be limited to towing vehicles short distances to clear roadways.
(c) Recovery personnel normally will tow vehicles during daylight. Because of the danger of a rear-end collision, vehicles will not be towed during darkness unless necessary to clear roadways. If required during darkness or limited visibility, towing will be done only if vehicles are properly lighted.
(4) Recovery vehicles must be equipped with at least one but not more than two functional RAWLs. RAWLs should not be turned on until the actual recovery operation begins and then only while the disabled vehicle is being attached to the recovery vehicle. When drivers are towing an oversize or overweight vehicle or when drivers cannot maintain minimum speed, RAWLs must remain lighted.
(5) Towed vehicles must be lighted as follows:
(a) The towed vehicle’s four-way (emergency) flashers must be on, if available. Taillights must be on (if still operational) and light devices must be free of dirt and unobstructed.
(b) Emergency-warning-kit reflectors or other reflective material must be placed on the rear of the towed vehicle to provide clear warning to approaching vehicles. Reflectors will be no higher than 48 inches (1.5 meters) above the roadway. Towed vehicles that cannot be lighted properly or safeguarded by reflective materials will be followed closely by a TEV.
(6) Recovery personnel will bring disabled vehicles to the nearest repair facility. Towing a disabled vehicle to a place far from the breakdown point is generally unacceptable. In cases involving a risk of collision (for example, poor visibility, bad weather), the disabled vehicle must be towed to the next available rest area or parking lot.
(7) When possible, recovery personnel should not tow disabled vehicles on the autobahn or other similar highways. When a breakdown occurs on the autobahn or other highway, the recovery personnel must assess existing traffic conditions to determine whether or not to use the roadway for towing beyond the next point of exit. For example, continuation of autobahn towage may be needed if poor local conditions (winding roads through villages or cities) or critical construction sites can be avoided. Vehicles should not be towed onto the autobahn or other similar type of highway.
k. Drivers will ensure that RAWLs are operational and used as prescribed by local law. Commanders will ensure that the following types of vehicles have at least one but not more than two RAWLs:
(1) Oversize, overweight, and tracked vehicles.
(2) Wreckers, other recovery vehicles, and contact-maintenance vehicles.
(3) LEVs and TEVs in each serial of a convoy, or vehicles escorting an oversize or overweight vehicle.
(4) Vehicles in a convoy.
(5) Other vehicles as determined by local commanders.
l. Commanders will ensure that all Army tactical vehicles and trailers are marked at the rear corners with two delineator plates according to AE Regulation 385-55. Drivers will ensure that the plates are kept clean.
m. Drivers of tracked vehicles operated on roads will mark the vehicles with reflective tape. Red tape (NSN 9390-00656-1186) may be used on the rear; amber tape (NSN 9390-00-753-3208) may be used for the sides and front.
(1) Reflective tape must adhere to vehicle surfaces. Special care must be used when applying the tape in cold weather (42 degrees Fahrenheit or below). The tape must be applied to a clean, dry surface.
(2) Reflective tape applied to a flat, vertical surface gives the most intense reflection. When an adequate vertical surface does not exist, the tape should be applied to plates that can be easily removed and reused.
(3) Reflective tape should be mounted on the most visible surface near the four corners of the vehicle. Three strips of 2- by 12-inch tape are recommended for greatest visibility.
n. Operators of military vehicles will not consume drugs or alcoholic beverages (including beer and wine) while they are driving or within 8 hours before driving.
o. While operating Government vehicles, drivers will not use equipment that distracts from the vehicle operation. This includes cell phones and headphones that are not part of approved vehicle equipment.
p. Drivers will not smoke while operating Government vehicles.
q. Drivers will not make U-turns on roads. Crossing from one lane to another to go in the opposite direction will be done only by exiting and using an underpass or overpass road complex.
r. Drivers will not make voluntary halts on the roadway. Drivers will pull off the roadway and into authorized parking areas or other safe locations.
19. BUS OPERATIONS
a. Military personnel are not allowed to stand in military buses or commercial buses. A seat must be provided for each person, and each person must be seated while the bus is moving.
b. A clearly visible line will be painted on the floor of the military bus 3 feet behind the driver’s seat. Bus passengers will not stand in front of the line. This ensures the bus driver has an unobstructed side view to both the left and right sides of the bus.
c. Prescribed safety and emergency equipment (including emergency doors) must operate properly. Emergency doors and equipment must be identified clearly and instructions for operating the doors must be printed with high-visibility paint. A bus carrying cargo and passengers will be loaded so that the cargo does not block emergency-exit doors.
d. Army-operated buses must be equipped with mechanical or electric turn indicators, two amber clearance lights in the front, two red or amber clearance lights in the rear, at least two amber reflectors on each side, and two amber or red reflectors in the rear.
20. SECURITY REQUIREMENTS
a. AE Regulation 55-4, paragraph 36, prescribes requirements for physical security of AA&E. (DTR 4500.9-R and AR 190-11 also provide requirements.)
b. Drivers will secure vehicles with a locking mechanism when vehicles are parked and unattended. This requirement is in addition to other security measures that are used to protect vehicles.
c. Drivers will secure wheeled vehicles by doing either of the following:
(1) Engaging manufacturer-installed door and ignition locking devices.
(2) Immobilizing the steering wheel with a chain and padlock. The chain used for this purpose must consist of ¼-inch or thicker hardened steel links with one end attached permanently to the vehicle. A secondary padlock (NSN 5340-00-158-3807 (with chain) or NSN 5340-00-158-3805 (without chain)) will be used to secure the chain to the steering-wheel spoke.
d. The following vehicles are exempt from the requirements in subparagraphs b and c above:
(1) Vehicles actively employed in tactical exercises.
(2) Dispatched emergency vehicles, military or security police vehicles, courtesy patrols, and interior guard vehicles when in use for brief periods and response time is a critical factor in the successful performance of the operator’s duties.
e. Personnel are not authorized to immobilize vehicles by removing essential operating parts.
f. Personnel are not allowed to install master key-operated locking systems on vehicles.
g. Unit commanders will implement stringent vehicle-key control procedures.
Allied Movement Publication 1, Regulations and Procedures for Road Movement and Identification of Movement Control and Traffic Control Personnel and Agencies
Allied Movement Publication 2, Procedures for Surface Movements Across National Frontiers
Allied Movement Publication 3, Movement and Transport Documents and Glossary of Terms and Definitions
Allied Movement Publication 4, Technical Aspects of the Transport of Military Materials by Railroad
Standardization Agreement 2155, Road Movement Bid and Credit
DOD 5100.76-M, Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives
DTR 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation
USEUCOM Manual 4301.01, Common User Logistics (CUL) in the USEUCOM AOR
AR 15-6, Procedures for Investigating Officers and Boards of Officers
AR 27-20, Claims
AR 58-1, Management, Acquisition, and Use of Motor Vehicles
AR 190-5, Motor Vehicle Traffic Supervision
AR 190-11, Physical Security of Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives
AR 190-45, Law Enforcement Reporting
AR 385-40, Army Accident Investigations and Reporting
TC 21-305, Training Program for Wheeled Vehicle Accident Avoidance
FM 55-30, Army Motor Transport Units and Operations
AE Regulation 10-5, Headquarters, United States Army Europe
AE Regulation 55-4/USAFE Instruction 24-203, Safe Movement of Hazardous Goods by Surface Modes
AE Regulation 385-40, Accident Reporting and Records
AE Regulation 385-55, Prevention of Motor-Vehicle Accidents
SF 91, Motor Vehicle Accident Report
OF 346, US Government Motor Vehicle Operators Identification Card
DD Form 2A(ACT), Active Duty Military ID Card
DD Form 626, Motor Vehicle Inspection (Transporting Hazardous Materials)
DA Form 2028, Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms
Form 302, Import/Export Customs Declaration
AE Form 55-1M, Convoy, Oversize/Overweight Vehicle Movement Observation Report
AE Form 55-1N, Road Movement Bid Credit Granted/Marschanmeldung
TRANSPORTATION RESPONSIBILITY POINTS OF CONTACT
| Organization || Location || DSN Telephone || Civilian Telephone |
|21st TSC-I||Vicenza, Italy||634-8204||39-0444-51-8204|
|21st TIB||Kaiserslautern, Germany||484-7165||49-631-413-7165|
|39th MCB||Kaiserslautern, Germany||483-6385||49-631-411-6385|
|99th PMCT||Aviano, Italy||632-8120||39-0434-66-8120|
|BMCT Bamberg||Bamberg, Germany||469-7045||49-951-300-7045|
|BMCT Baumholder||Baumholder, Germany||485-6190||49-6783-6-6190|
|BMCT Bremerhaven||Bremerhaven, Germany||none||49-471-891-8766|
|BMCT Chièvres||Chièvres, Belgium||361-5307||32-6827-5307|
|BMCT Germersheim||Germersheim, Germany||378-3728||49-7274-58-3728|
|BMCT Grafenwöhr||Grafenwöhr, Germany||475-6252||49-9641-83-6252|
|BMCT Hohenfels||Hohenfels, Germany||466-4788||49-9472-83-4788|
|BMCT Kaiserslautern||Kaiserslautern, Germany||483-7291||49-631-411-7291|
|BMCT Katterbach||Katterbach, Germany||467-2698||49-9802-83-2698|
|BMCT Livorno||Livorno, Italy||633-7543||39-050-54-7543|
|BMCT Mannheim||Mannheim, Germany||382-4709||49-621-779-4709|
|BMCT Rotterdam||Rotterdam, the Netherlands||362-2238||31-10-459-2238|
|BMCT Schinnen||Schinnen, the Netherlands||360-7498||31-46-443-7498|
|BMCT Schweinfurt||Schweinfurt, Germany||353-8669||49-9721-96-8669|
|BMCT Stuttgart||Stuttgart, Germany||430-8719||49-711-680-8719|
|BMCT Vicenza||Vicenza, Italy||634-7071||39-0444-51-7071|
|BMCT Vilseck||Vilseck, Germany||476-2960||49-9662-83-2960|
|BMCT Wiesbaden||Wiesbaden, Germany||334-2722||49-6134-604-2722|
|MCT USKFOR||Camp Able Sentry, Kosovo||783-1317||389-258-0312|
|PMCT Ramstein||Ramstein, Germany||480-2288||49-6371-47-2288|
C-1. 2+4 TREATY CLEARANCE
a. The Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany (2+4 Treaty), which was signed on 12 September 1990, established the relationship of the united Germany with the rest of Europe and the world. This treaty ended the artificial division of Germany and Berlin, provided for the full withdrawal of Soviet Forces from Germany, and terminated all remaining Four-Power rights and responsibilities for Berlin and Germany as a whole. It created the basis for the emergence of a united, democratic, and sovereign Federal Republic of Germany.
b. Procedures adopted to implement provisions of the 2+4 Treaty require all non-German Forces, including the U.S. Forces, to notify the German Federal Ministry of Defense of transit in the German States of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, and Thüringen (hereafter referred to as the “2+4 States”). Transit means the movement of personnel, vehicles, and equipment into or through these German States to conduct official military activities (for example, band performances, conferences, exercises, official visits, training). The three types of notification categories are as follows:
(2) Personnel and small road movements (fewer than 10 vehicles).
(3) Rail and large road movements (movement credits required).
c. Units and organizations tasked or directed to conduct official military activities involving the transit of the 2+4 States will immediately appoint a POC for the activity. For NATO, Partnership for Peace, bilateral, and multilateral exercises requiring the transit of the 2+4 States, the HQ USAREUR staff office with oversight of the activity will appoint the 2+4 POC. Subordinate organizations supporting or participating in these activities will provide the necessary information to the 2+4 POC.
(1) POCs will be responsible for submitting a Request for Entry/Transit by Military Vehicles/ Military and Civilian Aircraft and Railway (Antrag für die Ein-/Durchreise mit militärischen Kraftfahrzeugen/militärischen und zivilen Luftfahrzeugen und der Eisenbahn) for all personnel and small road movements related to the activity. This includes all planning and related support (for example, site surveys, planning conferences, meetings) that require ground transit in the 2+4 States. The form is available at http://www.streitkraefteunterstuetzungskommando.bundeswehr.de/portal/a/skukdo (click on Service & Presse, then Host Nation Support; the form is under Downloads). The website has instructions for completing the form and provides related information (for example, border-crossing points).
NOTE: It is important that the form is filled out completely, correctly, and legibly. The German Federal Ministry of Defense will not process the form if it has misspellings or other errors.
(2) POCs will consolidate all data required by the form and forward the form to their servicing movement control element (MCE) at least 40 days before the movement begins. The MCE will forward the forms to the Transportation Integration Branch (TIB), Support Operations (SPO), 21st Theater Sustainment Command (21st TSC).
(3) The 21st TSC SPO TIB will review forms for completeness and accuracy, and forward them to the USAREUR Liaison Officer in Berlin (civ 030-8305-2311, fax 030-8305-2504, or e-mail: email@example.com) at least 35 days before movements.
(4) Information concerning the transit of the 2+4 States must be submitted at least 10 workdays in advance. If exact information is not known at the time the form is submitted, POCs will provide updates as soon as possible to the 21st TSC SPO TIB for forwarding to the USAREUR Liaison Officer in Berlin. Failure to submit the form could result in a diplomatic note being filed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
C-2. DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE TIMELINES
Table C-1 provides a guideline for the number of days a host nation requires to process diplomatic clearance requests. Units need to add at least 2 workdays to host-nation timelines when submitting a request to the 21st TSC to allow the 21st TSC to review the request for completeness and validity. Host nations may change their submission timelines at any time. Servicing movement control teams and branch movement control teams should be contacted for current information. The glossary defines abbreviations used in the table.
NOTE: The timeline for obtaining diplomatic clearance to move arms, ammunition, and explosives (AA&E) is generally twice as long.
| Table C-1|
Diplomatic Clearance Timelines
| Country || Timeline |
|Armenia*||14 calendar days|
|Austria||8 workdays for military trucks and trains with MP escort|
Free run for commercial trucks with general cargo
15 workdays if OS or M915/M872 is used
6 weeks to 6 months for war material
|Azerbaijan*||10 calendar days|
21 calendar days for HAZMAT
40 calendar days for rail
|Belgium||15 workdays for military highway, OS, SIs, convoys (more than nine vehicles), HAZMAT, and rail|
24 hours with waiver for military trucks with general cargo (not OS)
|Bulgaria||5 to 7 workdays|
15 workdays for HAZMAT and OS
10 workdays for rail
|Czech Republic||3 workdays|
30 calendar days for HAZMAT
10 workdays for weapons
30 calendar days for rail
|Denmark||7 workdays for military highway, OS, SIs, convoys, and HAZMAT|
|Estonia||30 calendar days|
|France||5 calendar days for military vehicles, buses, and convoys|
Free run for commercial trucks with general cargo
35 calendar days for SIs
4 workdays for HAZMAT and OS
|Georgia||No timeline available|
(Eastern, 2+4 request)
|Hungary||3 workdays for general cargo, HAZMAT, and OS|
10 workdays for safe haven
30 calendar days for rail
|Italy||Free run for military and commercial trucks with general cargo|
10 workdays for AA&E, convoys, OS, and OW (Carabinieri escort required)
15 workdays for rail
|Kazakhstan*||No timeline available|
4 workdays for HAZMAT and OS
|Kyrgyzstan*||No timeline available|
|Latvia||20 to 30 calendar days|
|Luxembourg||Free run for military and commercial trucks with general cargo|
15 workdays for OS and OW
10 workdays for HAZMAT
14 calendar days for AA&E
|Norway||20 calendar days|
|Poland||30 calendar days|
|Portugal||30 calendar days|
|Romania||4 workdays for highway|
10 workdays for OS, ammunition, and HAZMAT
30 calendar days for rail
|Russia*||Transit not allowed|
|Serbia||Transit not allowed|
|Slovakia ||4 workdays for military and commercial trucks with general cargo|
6 workdays for HAZMAT
10 workdays for OS trucks and rail
45 calendar days for HAZMAT
|Sweden||Free run for commercial trucks with general cargo|
15 workdays for military trucks and rail with general cargo
6 weeks for rail and military trucks with SI, OS, or HAZMAT
30 calendar days for buses
|Tajikistan*||No timeline available|
|Turkey||30 calendar days (Turkish defense authorization required; diplomatic clearance not recognized)|
|Turkmenistan*||No timeline available|
|Ukraine*||40 calendar days|
|United Kingdom||Free run for military and commercial trucks with general cargo|
7 workdays for HAZMAT, weapons, and OS
|Uzbekistan*||No timeline available|
|*Does not accept Form 302|
|21st TSC||21st Theater Sustainment Command|
|21st TSC-I||21st Theater Support Command - Italy|
|AA&E||arms, ammunition, and explosives|
|ABS||antilock breaking system|
|ADR|| Accord Européen realtif au Transport International des Marchandises dangereus par Route (European Agreement Concerning the Transportation of Hazardous Goods by Highway)|
|AE||Army in Europe|
|AEPUBS||Army in Europe Library & Publishing System|
|ALOC||air lines of communication|
|AOR||area of responsibility|
|BMCT||branch movement control team|
|CG, USAREUR||Commanding General, United States Army Europe|
|CULT||common user land transportation|
|DAO||Defense Attaché Office|
|DMC||distribution management center|
|DOD||Department of Defense|
|DTR||Defense Transportation Regulation|
|DTO||division transportation office|
|ECIP||European Compliance Inspection Program|
|EUFOR||European Union Force|
|FYROM||Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia|
|G4||Deputy Chief of Staff, G4, United States Army Europe|
|G5||deputy chief of staff for civil affairs|
|GVW||gross vehicle weight|
|HMCT||highway movement control team|
|HMMWV||high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle|
|IMCOM-Europe ||United States Army Installation Management Command, Europe Region|
|LEV||lead escort vehicle|
|MCB||movement control battalion|
|MCE||movement control element|
|MCO||movements control office|
|MCT||movement control team|
|MLC||military load class|
|NEW||net explosive weight|
|NSN||national stock number|
|PMCT||port movement control team|
|POC||point of contact|
|POL||petroleum, oils, and lubricants|
|RAWL||rotating amber warning light|
|SPO||Support Operations, 21st Theater Sustainment Command|
|TBD||to be determined|
|TEV||trail escort vehicle|
|TIB||Transportation Integration Branch, Support Operations, 21st Theater Sustainment Command|
|TMP||transportation motor pool|
|USAREUR||United States Army Europe|
|USEUCOM||United States European Command|
|USKFOR||United States Forces in Kosovo|
|UTM||Universal Transverse Mercator|
A unit, organization, or installation performing a function or mission.
Allied Movement Publication
A NATO publication series that prescribes procedures for vehicle movement and cargo transportation in Europe.
ammunition and hazardous cargo
All classes of dangerous goods identified under national and international transportation regulations. This includes ammunition, compressed gases, corrosives, explosives, fuels, lithium batteries, and poisons; and other goods requiring designation by the terms “HAZMAT” and “dangerous goods” (DTR 4500.9-R and AE Reg 55-4).
branch movement control team
A team subordinate to a movement control team that coordinates customer-convoy or movement-credit requirements with highway movement control teams.
controlled routedispatch route. In road traffic, a roadway over which full control as to priorities of use and the regulation of movement of traffic in time and space is exercised. Movement authorization is required for its use, even by a single vehicle.
reserved route. In road traffic, a specific route allocated exclusively to an authority or formation.
supervised route. In road traffic, a roadway over which limited control is exercised by means of traffic-control posts, traffic patrols, or both. Movement authorization is required for its use by a column of vehicles or a vehicle of exceptional size or weight.
A route, the use of which is subject to traffic or movement restrictions, which may be supervised (Allied Movement Pub 3). The following are types of controlled routes:
A group of vehicles organized for the purpose of control and orderly movement with or without escort protection (Allied Movement Pub 1). Paragraph 13 provides specific country requirements.
The person in charge of the vehicles and operating personnel of a convoy, as designated by the person authorizing the movement. The convoy commander is the senior officer, noncommissioned officer, or Soldier with the convoy, if there is no specific appointment.
convoy elementmarch column. A group of vehicles moving under a single column commander over the same route at the same time in the same direction. A column may be composed of a number of organized subelements (Allied Movement Pub 1).
march unit. A subdivision of a serial (defined below). A march column moving and halting under the control of a single commander using voice, visual signal, or radio.
serial. A major subdivision of a march column moving under a single commander for planning, regulation, and control purposes.
The following are elements of a convoy:
dangerous goods or dangerous cargo
See ammunition and hazardous cargo.
gross vehicle weight
The weight of the vehicle plus the weight of the load.
hazardous material (HAZMAT)
See ammunition and hazardous cargo.
highway movement control team
An element of the transportation battalion that coordinates with the appropriate area host-nation authority for passing movement credits and movement bids to the requesting unit. The highway movement control teams in Germany work directly with and are often collocated with the local logistics command.
movement bidchange. A request initiated by a unit to modify an existing movement bid.
emergency. Bids that require immediate movement action to prevent or respond to injury, loss of life, or damage to property (for example, to provide disaster relief, prevent injury or loss of life, or evacuate disabled vehicles).
exception to policy. A routine movement bid that falls during a restricted movement period. An exception to policy requires authentication.
late. A routine movement bid that does not meet the minimum times. Late requests will be processed in sequence and are not guaranteed to move on the requested date.
routine. Bids for movement that meet the established times for submission.
The request for permission to move convoys or oversize or overweight vehicles. The following are types of movement bids:
movement control team
A team subordinate to a transportation battalion exercising movement control and highway regulation within an assigned geographic area.
The allocation granted to one or more vehicles to move over a controlled route in a fixed time according to movement instructions. Permission is granted to the moving unit by the host-nation authority through the servicing movement control team.
A number allocated to a movement by the movement control staff responsible for issuing a movement credit.
nontactical vehicle (NTV)
A motor vehicle, normally of commercial design, assigned by formal authorization documents and used to provide the transportation support of an activity.
A vehicle or a combination of a vehicle and load that exceeds the legal dimensions of width, length, or height imposed by the host nation. Table 4 of this regulation provides information about oversize vehicles.
A vehicle or a combination of a vehicle and load that exceeds the legal gross vehicle weight or any individual axle loadings set by the host nation. Table 4 of this regulation provides information on overweight vehicles.
NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG)
The record of an agreement among several or all of the member nations of NATO to adopt like or similar military equipment; ammunition, supplies, or stores; and operations, logistic, or administrative procedures.
transportation battalion (movement control)
A subordinate command of the 21st Theater Sustainment Command that provides movement control services in its assigned geographic area.