Personnel who borrow this pamphlet from a drivers testing station will not be tested or issued a license until they return it.

United States Army Europe
United States Army Installation Management Command
    Europe Region
Heidelberg, Germany

Army in Europe
Pamphlet 190-34*


United States Air Forces in Europe
United States Army Installation Management Agency
Ramstein, Germany

Pamphlet 31-206*

16 November 2010

Military Police

Drivers Handbook and Examination Manual for Germany

*This pamphlet supersedes AE Pamphlet 190-34/USAFE Pamphlet 31-206, 27 February 2009.

For the Commander 
Colonel, GS
Chief of Staff
General, USAF
Chief, Army in Europe
    Document Management
Colonel, USAF
Chief, Security Forces

Summary. This pamphlet is a digest of military regulations, European laws, and practices pertaining to the registration and operation of motor vehicles in Germany. This pamphlet implements Air Force Policy Directive 31-1.

Summary of Change. This pamphlet has been revised to—

  • Update references and incorporate administrative changes.

  • Update and rewrite information in paragraphs 18 through 24 and 30.

  • Add new descriptions for certain traffic signs (app B).

  • Applicability. This pamphlet applies to—

  • Members of the U.S. Forces and the civilian component (including Family members of both) assigned or employed in Germany. Members of the U.S. Forces and the civilian component in Germany on official temporary duty may apply for and be granted certificates of license to operate U.S.-Forces-registered privately owned vehicles (POVs). These applicants must comply with all applicable requirements of this pamphlet.

  • Nonappropriated-fund agencies and other organizations and their employees authorized to register non-U.S. Government motor vehicles with the U.S. Forces.

  • USAFE personnel in Germany only for policy and procedures governing licensing of POV drivers in Germany and registering POVs with the USAREUR Registry of Motor Vehicles. USAFE personnel will refer to Air Force Instruction 31‑204 for all other aspects of motor vehicle traffic supervision (for example, suspension, revocation, point assessment).

  • Non-U.S. personnel assigned to international military headquarters in Germany who are authorized U.S. Forces certificates of license and POV registration privileges, as determined by the USAREUR Provost Marshal.
  • NOTE: This pamphlet does not apply to personnel employed by, assigned to, or attached to military missions, military assistance advisory groups, or U.S. diplomatic consular offices (an exception may be granted when requested under AE Reg 600-700).

    Forms. AE and higher level forms are available through the Army in Europe Publishing System (AEPUBS) at

    Suggested Improvements. The proponent of this pamphlet is the USAREUR G3 (AEAGC-PDP-V, DSN 386-7271). Users may suggest improvements to this pamphlet by sending DA Form 2028 to the USAREUR G3 (AEAGC-PDP-V), Unit 29230, APO AE 09008-9230.

    Distribution. Army units: B (AEPUBS); Air Force units: F (AFI 33-360V1).






    1. German Police Signals (Stop)
    2. German Police Signals (Stop)
    3. German Police Signals (Attention)
    4. German Police Signals (Go)
    5. German Police Signals (Go)

    A. References
    B. International Road Signs
    C. Sample Test Questions and Answers



    1. PURPOSE

    Appendix A lists references.

    The glossary defines abbreviations.





    AE Regulation 190-1, paragraph 2-2, provides procedures for obtaining a U.S. Forces certificate of license.


    German courts have adopted the doctrine that drivers of motor vehicles can rely on one another to obey the law. Drivers must be alert and prepared to recognize typical errors committed frequently by other drivers and be ready to compensate for those errors. The doctrine of confidence does not apply to pedestrians who are frail (old or disabled) or to children up to 11 years old. Drivers must pay special attention to these people and try to anticipate their behavior.

    German traffic laws require users of public roads to conduct themselves so that no person is endangered, injured, impeded, or unreasonably inconvenienced when the inconvenience could have been avoided under the given circumstances. Drivers are responsible for considering and anticipating the movements of pedestrians, particularly children, the elderly, and those who are physically impaired.



    German police have jurisdiction to enforce traffic regulations. Their instructions must be followed. Drivers must show their identification, certificate of license, and vehicle registration when asked by the German police. German police have the right to arrest U.S. Forces personnel (and their Family members).



    The Traffic Point System (AE Reg 190-1/USAFE Inst 31-202, para 2-21) is designed to penalize erratic drivers (including Family members) who possess a U.S. Forces certificate of license or military license. Licenses will be suspended for 180 days if 12 or more traffic points are assessed against a driver in a 12-month period or 18 traffic points are assessed in a 24-month period. The applicable Army or Air Force commander or supervisor will take action to suspend the license. Traffic points will be assessed against drivers who park POVs where prohibited.


    NOTE: The numbers above the road signs in appendix B are referenced below. These numbers are used in the German traffic code to identify signs. Traffic tickets for violations committed on German roads use these numbers to refer to traffic signs related to violations.


    19. RIGHT-OF-WAY









    The German criminal code states that “whoever, in case of an accident or common danger or distress, does not render aid, although such aid is necessary and can be expected of him or her under the circumstances, especially if it is possible to do so without substantial danger to himself or herself and without violating other important duties, will be punished by imprisonment not exceeding 1 year or by a fine.”

    29. TIRES


    When approaching an intersection, drivers must be alert for a red traffic signal or a police officer standing in this position, which means the driver must come to a complete stop. Note that this officer’s signal to stop applies to drivers in front of and behind him, not to drivers to his right and left.

    Figure 1. German Police Signals (Stop)

    This police officer is waving traffic through the intersection with his right hand while signaling with his left hand for all traffic in front of him and behind him to wait.

    Figure 2. German Police Signals (Stop)

    This police officer standing in the middle of the intersection with one arm raised is signaling all drivers to stop and telling drivers in front of and behind him to prepare to proceed.

    Figure 3. German Police Signals (Attention)

    This police officer standing with arms outstretched and pointing in the driver’s direction is signaling the driver to proceed. The officer signaling the driver to go will stand sideways to the oncoming traffic.

    Figure 4. German Police Signals (Go)

    The driver may proceed as long as the police officer continues to wave traffic through.

    Figure 5. German Police Signals (Go)






    Most drivers make about 1,400 automobile trips and use about 3,200 liters (800 gallons) of gasoline each year. With minimal effort, drivers can plan for efficient and economical travel. Drivers can save 5 to 10 percent of the fuel they use by following the tips in this paragraph. By changing travel habits, driving techniques, and vehicle type and maintenance (c through h below), drivers can save up to 40 percent of fuel costs.



    37. GENERAL

    This paragraph explains the characteristics of the brakes of a motorcycle and how to apply the brakes under different driving conditions. The following are important facts about motorcycle braking:

    This paragraph explains the unique driving characteristics of operating a motorcycle on different types of roads and road conditions. The following are the different driving techniques a motorcyclist needs to keep in mind when operating a motorcycle in Germany.

    When operating a motorcycle, the motorcyclist should always wear protective clothing. The best possible protective clothing is a colorful leather jacket, pants, leather boots, leather gloves, and an approved helmet (American National Standards Institute standard Z90-1 or the Economic Commission for Europe Norm 22). Colorful protective clothing can be seen better, reduces health hazards, reduces risk of impaired driving fitness because of bad weather, and reduces the seriousness of injuries in an accident.

    41. SECURITY
    Motorcyclists should always keep their motorcycles properly locked to keep them from being stolen or used by unauthorized personnel. The best way to protect a motorcycle from unauthorized use is to make certain the handlebar-locking device is locked and the key is removed from the ignition.

    The U.S. Forces in Germany have five different motorcycle drivers license categories. A class 1 license permits the operator to operate all the other two-wheel vehicle classes (1a, 1b, 4, and 5). Motorcycle classes are defined in paragraph 7.

    43. REMINDER
    Motorcyclists are especially at risk in traffic, motorcycle speed is often underestimated, motorcyclists are often unnoticed by other drivers, and motorcyclists are directly exposed to external influences. Always remember to drive defensively.




    NATO Status of Forces Agreement and Supplementary Agreement

    United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Regulation 44-03, Child Restraints

    Uniform Code of Military Justice

    AR 190-5/AFI 31-218, Motor Vehicle Traffic Supervision

    AFI 31-204, Air Force Motor Vehicle Traffic Supervision

    Air Force Manual 33-363, Management of Records

    Air Force Manual 91-201, Explosives Safety Standards

    Air Force Policy Directive 31-1, Integrated Defense

    AE Regulation 55-1, United States Army Motor Vehicle Operations on Public Roads

    AE Regulation 55-355/USAFE Instruction 24-201, Joint Transportation and Traffic Management

    AE Regulation 190-1/USAFE Instruction 31-202, Registering and Operating Privately Owned Motor Vehicles in Germany

    AE Regulation 210-70/USAFE Regulation 211-16, On-Post Commercial Solicitation

    AE Regulation 385-55, Prevention of Motor Vehicle Accidents

    AE Regulation 600-700, Identification Cards and Individual Logistic Support

    AE Poster 190-34-12, German Traffic Signs


    OF 346, US Government Motor Vehicle Operators Identification Card

    DA Form 2028, Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms

    AF Form 2293, US Air Force Motor Vehicle Operator Identification Card

    AE Form 190-1A, U.S. Forces POV Registration/Title Certificate/Zulassungsschein Besitzurkunde für Privatfahrzeuge

    AE Form 190-1AA, Application for Motor Vehicle Registration or Renewal and Allied Transactions

    AE Form 190-1F, U.S. Forces Certification of License/The United States Forces Germany

    AE Form 190-1G, Temporary U.S. Forces Certificate of License/Provisorischer Führerschein

    AE Form 190-1T, Application for U.S. Forces Certificate of License and Allied Transactions

    AE Form 190-1X, Answer Sheet – Driver Examination for Germany and Privately Owned Motor Vehicle Operations (for Drivers Test)

    AE Form 190-1Y, What To Do If You Have an Accident




    International road signs vary from country to country. When driving outside Germany, drivers should not expect to see exactly the same signs shown in this appendix. Before driving outside Germany—especially to a country some distance away (for example, Finland, Spain)—a driver should obtain a travel booklet for the country that will be visited and study that country’s road signs.

    NOTE: The numbers above the road signs are used in the German traffic code to identify the signs. Traffic tickets for violations committed on German roads use these numbers to refer to traffic signs related to the violation.

    101 101 with supplemental 102 103
    Danger. Posted before dangerous areas (for example, construction sites). Danger. (Watch for streetcars). Posted before roads with streetcar tracks. Crossroads. Indicates an intersection or junction that is hard to see, or an intersection that is not expected. Single Curve. Indicates a single curve and its direction.
    105 108110112
    Double Curve. Indicates a double curve and its directions. Dangerous Downgrade. Posted before steep downgrades; indicates degree of downgrade. Dangerous Upgrade. Posted before steep upgrades; indicates degree of upgrade. Rough Road. Indicates uneven stretches of road.
    113 114 115 116
    Beware of Ice. Indicates that areas ahead freeze easily (for example, bridges, shaded or wooded areas). Slippery Road. Indicates stretches of road that may be slippery when wet or dirty. Falling Rocks. Indicates stretches of road where there is danger of falling rocks. Loose Gravel. Indicates a stretch of road that has loose surface material. Reduce speed and increase distance from the vehicle in front.
    Traffic Jam Ahead. Indicates that a traffic jam (Stau) may be ahead. Oncoming Traffic. Posted where oncoming traffic is not expected (for example, at construction sites on autobahns and comparable multilane roads, or when one-way streets end and beyond the intersection is regular two-way traffic. Drawbridge. Indicates a drawbridge ahead. Quay or River Bank. Posted near areas where there is danger of vehicles leaving the road and entering a body of water.
    131 134136138
    Signal Lights. Indicates traffic light ahead. Pedestrian Crosswalk. Indicates an upcoming pedestrian crosswalk. Children. Posted where children may cross the street, particularly near schools or playgrounds. Bicycle Crossing. Indicates that cyclists may be crossing the road.
    140142144 150
    Domestic Animal Crossing. Indicates domestic animals may cross the road. Wild Animal Crossing. Indicates wild animals may cross the road. Low Flying Aircraft. Posted near areas where aircraft fly at low altitudes (for example, airports). Guarded Railroad Crossing. Posted 240 meters before a guarded railroad crossing on top of the marker with three stripes (sign 153).
    151 153 156 162, 159
    Unguarded Railroad Crossing. Posted 240 meters before an unguarded railroad crossing on top of the marker with three stripes (sign 156). Distance to Guarded Railroad Crossing. Indicates a crossing separated from the road by a barrier. Posted 240 meters before a guarded railroad crossing. Each diagonal red stripe represents 80 meters. Distance to Unguarded Railroad Crossing. Indicates a crossing not separated from the road by a barrier. Posted 240 meters before an unguarded railroad crossing. Distance to Railroad Crossing. Posted before a railroad crossing and used with signs 153 and 156. The sign on the right with two diagonal red stripes is posted 160 meters before the crossing; the sign on the left with one diagonal red stripe is posted 80 meters before the crossing.
    201 201 205 205 with 1002-21
    Railroad Crossing (St. Andrew’s Cross). Posted at railroad crossings and is the mandatory stop point when the barriers are closed or a train is approaching. A flashing red light with this sign means a train is approaching and you must stop. Railroad Crossing (St Andrew’s Cross). Posted at railroad crossings. Variation of sign on the left. Yield Right-of-Way. Indicates driver must yield to traffic on the upcoming priority road. If necessary, come to a complete stop to allow traffic on the priority road to clear before proceeding. Priority Road Ahead. Indicates that traffic on the priority road (indicated by the wide, curved black line) has the right-of-way. Drivers must yield to traffic following and leaving the priority road.
    206 208209-10209-20
    Stop. Indicates driver must come to a complete stop before proceeding. Yield to Oncoming Traffic. Indicates that oncoming traffic (black arrow) has the right-of-way. Traffic traveling in the direction of the red arrow must yield to oncoming traffic. Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn left ahead. Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn right ahead.
    Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must proceed straight ahead. No turns are permitted. Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn right. Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic may proceed straight ahead or turn right, but may not turn left. Traffic Circle. Indicates entrance to a traffic circle. Traffic in the circle has the right-of-way. Directional signals are not required when entering, but must be used when exiting the circle.
    220222-20 224 229
    One-Way Street. Indicates that traffic may proceed only in the direction of the arrow. Backing up and making U-turns on one-way streets are prohibited. Mandatory Direction of Travel. Posted before barriers and traffic islands, this sign indicates the direction in which traffic must proceed. Drivers must pass the obstacle on the side indicated by the arrow. Bus and Streetcar Stop. Posted at official stopping places for buses and streetcars. This sign will specify (with a picture) whether the stop is for buses or streetcars. Parking or stopping within 15 meters of this sign is prohibited.Taxi Parking Only. Indicates area reserved for taxis.
    237238 239 240
    Bicycles Only. Indicates paths restricted to and mandatory for bicycles. Bridle Path. Indicates that the path is restricted to and mandatory for horseback riders. Pedestrians Only. Indicates areas restricted to and mandatory for pedestrians. Jointly Used Paths for Pedestrians and Bicyclists. Indicates paths restricted to and mandatory for both bicycles and pedestrians. These areas are shared by bicyclists and pedestrians, not separated with lines for each.
    241 242 243245
    Separated Bicycle and Pedestrian Paths, Restricted Speed Area. Posted to mark paths restricted to and mandatory for bicycles and pedestrians. These areas are separated, as shown by the line; bicycles are required to use one side, pedestrians the other. Pedestrian Zone. Indicates an area where only pedestrians are permitted. End of Pedestrian Zone. Indicates the end of a pedestrian zone. Bus Lane. Indicates a road restricted to buses.
    Road Closed/Entry Prohibited. Prohibits entry for all types of vehicles. A sign reading Anlieger frei posted underneath the disk means that entry is permitted only to people who reside or have business on the street. Motor Vehicles Prohibition. Prohibits entry for all motor vehicles other than motorcycles. Maximum Weight Allowed. Prohibits trucks that exceed the 3.5-ton-authorized loaded weight limit. Position ahead of narrow road residential areas. Motorcycles Prohibited. Prohibits entry for motorcycles with or without sidecar, mopeds, or motor-assisted cycles.
    Maximum Weight Allowed. Indicates the maximum gross vehicle weight, in tons, permitted to proceed beyond this sign. Posted before bridges. Axle Weight Prohibition. Prohibits vehicles with an axle weight in excess of the weight specified on the sign. Posted before dirt roads with soft surfaces. Maximum Width Allowed. Posted before narrow places in the road (for example, bridges, tunnels); indicates the maximum vehicle width, in meters, of vehicles that may pass through the area. Maximum Height Allowed. Posted before low-clearance structures (for example, bridges, overpasses); indicates the vehicle maximum height, in meters, of vehicles that may pass under the structure.
    266 267 268 269
    Maximum Length Allowed. Prohibits trucks that exceed the maximum length allowance indicated on the sign. Entry Prohibited. Prohibits entry for all types of vehicles. Posted at the end of one-way streets to prevent entry of vehicles from the wrong direction. Snow Chains Mandatory. Posted where snow chains are required. When snow chains are on the wheels, the vehicle speed limit is 50 kilometers per hour (kph) (31 miles per hour (mph)). Pollutant Prohibition. Prohibits vehicles carrying water pollutants beyond this sign.
    270 270.1 270.1a 270.2
    Smog. Prohibits all motor vehicles in areas having high pollution levels. When this sign is posted, drivers must use alternate routes.Environmental Zone. Only vehicles with the appropriate emissions sticker (as shown in sign 270.1a) may be driven from this point.Environment-Zone-Allowed Vehicles. This sign is used with sign 270.1. Only vehicles with emission stickers on the sign may enter the area.End of Environmental Zone. Indicates the end of the environmental zone (signs 270.1 and 270.1a).
    272273 274 274.1
    No U-Turns. Indicates that U-turns are not allowed at the intersection. Minimum Following Distance. Prohibits vehicles of over 3.5 tons (except cars and buses) to follow similar vehicles closer than the distance indicated on the sign. Speed Limit. Indicates the maximum speed allowed. Speed-Limit Restricted Area. Posted in areas where the maximum speed permitted is shown in the circle on the sign.
    274.2 275 276 277
    End of Speed-Limit Restricted Area. Indicates the end of the speed limit shown in the circle on the sign (sign 274.1). Minimum Speed Zone. Requires speed no less than that shown on the sign, unless road and traffic conditions, weather, or visibility make it necessary to drive more slowly. No Passing. Prohibits passing motor vehicles other than two-wheeled vehicles (bicycles and motorcycles). No Passing. Prohibits trucks with a gross weight of over 3.5 tons and trucks or tractors pulling trailers to pass vehicles, except for two-wheeled vehicles.
    278 279 280281
    End of Speed Limit. Indicates the end of a speed-limit zone (sign 274). End of Minimum Speed Zone. Indicates the end of the minimum speed requirement shown on the sign (see sign 275). End of No-Passing Zone. Indicates the end of a no-passing zone for motor vehicles (sign 276). End of No-Passing Zone. Indicates the end of a no-passing zone for trucks (sign 277).
    282 283 286 290
    End of Restrictions. End of all previous restrictions (for example, speed, no passing). No Stopping. Indicates drivers may not stop.Restricted Stopping. Indicates a spot where drivers may not stop for longer than 3 minutes and must stay in the vehicle during that time.Restricted Stopping Zone. Indicates a zone where drivers may not stop for longer than 3 minutes and must stay in the vehicle during that time. This applies in the whole area until sign 292 ends this zone.
    291292 293 295
    Blue Parking Disc. This blue parking disc, indicating the driver’s arrival time, must be placed on the dashboard when parking in designated areas. Drivers must adjust the parking disc to the first half- or full-hour mark that follows their arrival time.End of Restricted Stopping Zone. Indicates the end of a restricted stopping zone (see sign 290). Pedestrian Crosswalk. Painted over a crosswalk. If a traffic island is in the middle of the crosswalk, the stripes on either side of the island are separate crosswalks. Stopping or parking on or within 5 meters of a pedestrian crosswalk is prohibited. Solid White Line. Prohibits traffic from passing on either side of the solid white line. Vehicles must not cross the solid white line, nor is it authorized for motorcyclists to lean over the line. Where a solid white line is used to mark the edge of the road, it is prohibited to stop or park on the left side of the line.
    296 297297.1298
    Solid and Broken White Line. Indicates that passing is allowed for drivers on the side of the broken line and prohibited for drivers on the side of the solid line. Directional Arrows. Painted on the road in front of an intersection to warn drivers to position their vehicles in the correct lane. If the arrows are between solid white lines (marked traffic lanes), the direction indicated must be followed once in the lane. Stopping or parking in a lane marked with arrows between solid white lines is prohibited. Arrow on Pavement. Indicates the end or beginning of authorized passing. Off-Limits Markings. Indicates (by the striped area) a decrease or increase in the number of lanes. The warning area may not be driven in or touched by vehicle wheels.
    299 301 306 306 with 1002-12
    No Parking/No Stopping. Painted on the road in a zigzag pattern to indicate areas where parking or stopping is prohibited. Together with a bus stop sign, it prohibits parking within 15 meters of either side of the sign. At the exit of fire stations, it prohibits stopping. Priority Road. Indicates that traffic on this road has the right-of-way only at the next intersection. Signs are placed immediately before intersections in city limits and approximately 150 to 250 meters before intersections outside city limits. Priority Road. Posted at the beginning of a priority road and repeated at every intersection or junction. Gives priority until sign 205, 206, or 307 is posted.Turning Priority Road. Indicates that traffic following or leaving the priority road (indicated by the black curved line) has the right of way.
    307308 310 311
    End of Priority Road. Indicates the end of the priority road and the end of right-of-way (sign 306). Oncoming Traffic Must Wait. Indicates that oncoming traffic (red arrow) must yield to traffic traveling in the opposite direction (white arrow). City Limits. Posted at the beginning of town or city limits. At this point, speed must be reduced to 50 kph (31 mph). This sign indicates the name of the town or city. End of City Limits. Indicates the end of the town or city. The 50 kph speed limit ends here.
    311-40 314 315316
    End of City Limits. Indicates the end of the town or city and the distance to the next town or city. Parking Area. Indicates an official parking area.Parking on Curb Permitted. Posted where parking on the curb is allowed within the white pavement markers. The sign applies only to vehicles up to 3.5 tons authorized loaded weight. Park-and-Ride Area. Indicates areas where vehicles may be parked and public transportation is available.
    317 325 326 330
    Parking for Hikers. Indicates areas where hikers may park their vehicles and begin their hike. Traffic-Controlled Residential Area. Posted on or before streets on which pedestrians and playing children have priority. Motor vehicles must yield to pedestrians and children playing on this street. End of Traffic-Controlled Residential Area. Indicates the end of the traffic-controlled residential area (sign 325). Vehicles leaving these areas must yield to all traffic. Autobahn. Indicates the beginning of an autobahn. From this point on, all rules and regulations governing the autobahn must be obeyed. Hitchhiking beyond this point is prohibited.
    331 333-20 334336
    Motor Vehicles Only. Posted at intersections, along the road, and at entrances to roads restricted to motor vehicles. Permits only motor vehicles capable of maintaining speeds of 60 kph or more. All other motor vehicles (for example, bicycles, animal-drawn vehicles) are prohibited on these roads. Autobahn Exit. Posted at autobahn exits. Exits marked by this sign are the only authorized exits from the autobahn. End of Autobahn. Posted just before the end of the autobahn. This sign may indicate the distance in meters to the end of the autobahn (see sign 330). End of Restriction. Posted where the restrictions required by sign 331 end.
    340 350 353354
    Broken White Line. Used to mark traffic lanes or the center of the road. The broken line may be crossed only if passing can be done safely. Pedestrian Crosswalk. Indicates pedestrians on or entering the crosswalk have the right-of-way. One-Way Traffic. Indicates a one-way street. Water-Protection Area. Identifies a water-protection area. Drivers will not release contaminants (for example, oil) in or near areas where this sign is posted (for example, near lakes or streams).
    Traffic Directed by School Guard. Posted in areas where school guards direct traffic to allow children to cross the street. Dead End. Posted at the beginning of dead-end streets. First-Aid Station. Posted at first-aid stations on autobahns that have qualified medical personnel on duty. Repair Garage. Indicates that an auto-repair facility is ahead.
    Telephone. Indicates on the autobahn that a public telephone is available at the next rest area or operated service area. Police. Indicates that a German police station is ahead. Tents and Trailer Authorized Area. Indicates areas where tents and trailers are authorized to be set up. Radio Station. Indicates the radio frequency and channel to obtain traffic information.
    375376377 380
    Autobahn Hotel. Indicates that an autobahn hotel is ahead. Autobahn Restaurant. Indicates that an autobahn restaurant is ahead. Autobahn Snack Machines. Indicates that an autobahn snack machine is ahead. Recommended Speed. Posted only on autobahns, this sign recommends that drivers not exceed the speed limit on the sign, if the driver has favorable road, traffic, visibility, and weather conditions.
    Place Name. Indicates the name of the place, unless sign 310 is posted. This sign also is used to mark rivers and war cemeteries. Points of Interest. Indicates historical sights or scenic views. These signs are always posted alone and are never attached to other traffic signs. Soft Shoulder. Warns motorists that the shoulder of the road is not reinforced and may not be used. If the symbol of a truck is shown on the sign, the sign applies only to trucks with a gross weight of 3.5 tons or more. Customs Control. Indicates customs-control offices at border crossings.
    393 394 401406
    Information Panel. Posted at country borders. Indicates the speed limit inside city limits, outside city limits, and on the autobahn. Streetlight Marking. Painted on streetlights that are turned off at night. Vehicles parked under a streetlight with this marking must have parking lights on. Federal Highway Marker. Indicates the number of the German Federal highway on which it appears. This sign, which is posted along all German Federal highways, does not establish priority.Autobahn Junction. Indicates the number of the autobahn exit or autobahn junction (including three-way junctions).
    410421 430432
    European Highway Marker. Posted as a route marker for European highways. Truck Route. Indicates the direction trucks must take. Direction to Autobahn. Shows the direction to the nearest autobahn entrance and the name of the nearest city at which point the autobahn ends. Direction Marker. Indicates the direction to places in a town. This example shows the direction to the train station.
    Direction Marker. Indicates the direction and route number, if applicable, of the towns shown on the sign. Direction to Autobahn. Posted before entrances to autobahns, this sign indicates the direction and route numbers to the next cities. Bicycle Route. Indicates the direction cyclists must take. Autohof. Indicates that there is a 24-hour operated service area off the autobahn.
    Autobahn Direction Sign. Shows the distance to the next exit for the towns listed. The top of the sign shows the route number drivers will enter at the exit and the next major city that can be reached on that route. Below that, the sign shows the first two towns or cities that can be reached on this route, with the closest town shown at the bottom. Distance to the Next Exit. Indicates the distance to the next road exit. Each diagonal white stripe indicates 100 meters. In this example, the distance is 300 meters. Detour. Indicates that traffic must travel in the direction indicated by the sign. Bypass Routing. Indicates a diversion in the road ahead.
    Autobahn Detour. Posted on routes where traffic is detoured off the autobahn. Detour Route Marker. Indicates the route, in solid black lines, to take to get back on the autobahn after having been detoured. Orange Traffic Arrow. Recommended direction of travel during heavy traffic or traffic jams. Change of Traffic Lanes. Shows the distance to the point on the autobahn where drivers must cross to the other side of the dividing strip (for example, construction sites). Yellow road markings have priority over white markings at construction sites.
    Gravel. This supplemental sign is posted with a primary sign (usually a speed-limit sign) to indicate that loose surface material may be on the road. When this sign appears, drivers must reduce speed and keep a safe distance from the vehicle ahead. Road Damage. Posted where the next stretch of road is damaged. Right-of-Way Changed. This supplemental sign indicates that the right-of-way has changed from what is posted. Children Playing. Indicates that children may be playing on the road. This sign is used with sign 267 or 357 to indicate that children are permitted to play in the street.
    1020-30 1052-36 1052-37 
    Residents Only. This supplemental sign indicates only residents and their visitors should be driving on this street. When Wet. This supplemental sign is posted where wet conditions are a particular hazard. Instructions on the primary sign must be obeyed only when the road is wet. No Stopping on Shoulder. Prohibits stopping on the road or shoulder where this sign is posted. NATO Vehicles. Indicates the maximum weight (in tons) of NATO vehicles allowed to cross a bridge when two vehicles are crossing at the same time.
    Speed and Distance Sign. This sign is normally posted near a construction area to indicate a slower speed and the minimum distance to keep between vehicles. Secondary Route. This supplemental sign indicates the route to use when a detour exists. Traffic Jam. This sign warns of an upcoming traffic jam (Stau). STAU may appear on a number of backgrounds (for example, on the back of a police car, on a banner draped over a bridge). 




    No. Question (reference the applicable portions of this pamphlet)
    1. For registration purposes, the insurance policy cannot substitute for the insurance confirmation card as proof of automobile insurance under German law and U.S. Forces regulations. (para 33e(3))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    2. License plates issued to drivers by the Registry of Motor Vehicles automatically become the driver’s property. (para 33c(1)(a))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    3. The driver of a registered motor vehicle is required to observe which of the following with respect to U.S. Forces POV license plates? (paras 33c(1)(d) and 33c(2)(b))

    a. License plates will not be altered.
    b. The rear license plate must be illuminated.
    c. License plates always must be firmly attached with bolts and screws.
    d. All of the above.
    4. A driver who lends his or her vehicle to a member of the U.S. Forces is required to provide the borrower with the registration certificate (AE Form 190-1A). (para 33g(2)(a))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    5. U.S. Forces regulations do not prohibit abandoning a privately owned vehicle (POV). (paras 33f(2) and 33h(4))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    6. Attaching old State license plates or signs to U.S. Forces POV plates is permitted. (para 33c(2)(e))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    7. The Traffic Point System applies to military personnel and civilian employees, but does not apply to Family members. (para 17)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    8. Persons declared ineligible for a U.S. Forces certificate of license will remain ineligible until they successfully petition the revoking authority for reinstatement of their eligibility. (para 16a(5))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    9. German police are empowered to arrest U.S. personnel (including Family members and U.S. civilians serving with the U.S. Forces) when German laws are violated. (para 14)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    10. German police do not have the authority to require U.S. Forces drivers to pay a warning fee for minor traffic violations. (paras 9b(2) and 13c(1))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    11. German traffic law does not require every user of a public road or highway to conduct himself or herself so that no other user is endangered, injured, unnecessarily impeded, or inconvenienced. (para 11)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    12. A POV may not be rejected during mechanical inspection because of bent hoods, torn fenders, altered plates, or faulty body trimmings. (para 32b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    13. Vehicles are considered unsafe if the tires have less than 1.6 millimeters of tread on any portion of the traction surface. (para 29a)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    14. If a vehicle is equipped with radial tires, the tires should be mounted on which of the following? (para 29b)

    a. Only on the front wheels of the POV.
    b. Only on the rear wheels of the POV.
    c. On all four wheels.
    d. On the drive wheels of the POV.
    15. Avoidable noises such as honking horns and racing engines are prohibited by the German traffic ordinance. (para 11c)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    16. Kilometers may be converted to miles by multiplying the kilometers by 6 and then dropping the last digit. (para 18b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    17. Children under 12 years old are not allowed to sit in the front seat of a vehicle unless the rear seat is already occupied by children of that age group. (para 25c)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    18. Drivers are not always required to indicate their intention to pass by using directional signals. (paras 20b(5)(c) and 20c(4))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    19. What may cause danger to others in road traffic? (para 11d)

    a. A disabled POV with warning devices not placed at a sufficient distance.
    b. Driving a POV while intoxicated.
    c. Driving a POV while fatigued.
    d. All of the above.
    20. What should be considered when choosing a safe distance from the vehicle ahead? (para 19p)

    a. Condition of the highway and driving speed.
    b. Average distance being used by other drivers.
    c. Both of the above.
    21. When approaching children, drivers must try to anticipate their behavior. (para 10)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    22. The proper technique for driving around a curve is to slow down before the curve and accelerate toward the end of the curve. (para 18a(1))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    23. If the vehicle starts skidding while braking, the driver should do which of the following? (para 18a(6))

    a. Downshift and take foot off gas pedal.
    b. Turn the steering wheel in the direction that the rear of the vehicle is skidding and pump the brakes lightly.
    c. Immediately apply pressure to brakes.
    24. Fast driving often leads to accidents in which of the following situations? (para 18a(1))

    a. At points where vision is restricted.
    b. At pedestrian crossings.
    c. At intersections and junctions.
    d. All of the above.
    25. Drivers caught in a heavy downpour with limited visibility should pull off the road and wait for the rain to let up. (para 18a(4))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    26. Drivers who suddenly find themselves on an icy patch of road should continue driving with no abrupt change in direction, speed, or braking. (para 18a(5)(b))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    27. Drivers must be especially careful when passing during twilight hours; they must be alert to vehicles without lights coming from the other direction. (para 20b(8))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    28. When passing another vehicle, drivers must return to the right lane as soon as possible without impeding the vehicle being passed. (para 20b(5)(d))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    29. When approaching an intersection with directional arrows painted on the pavement, the driver will enter the appropriate lane and do which of the following? (para 20a(2))

    a. Follow the direction of the arrow.
    b. Change lanes in the intersection.
    c. Both of the above.
    30. A continuous, solid, white center line on the road may not be crossed or even touched by the wheels of the driver’s vehicle. (para 20b(1)(a))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    31. When a broken white line and a solid white center line appear together, traffic on the broken-line side is permitted to pass. (para 20b(2)(b))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    32. Directional arrows on the pavement must be followed once the driver has entered a lane that is so marked. (para 20a(2))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    33. Unless otherwise posted, a speed limit of 100 kilometers per hour (kph) (62 miles per hour (mph)) applies to all vehicles on all highways and roads in Germany. (paras 18d, 18e, and 18f)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    34. Under certain circumstances, the maximum speed posted may be too fast for road and traffic conditions. (para 18i)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    35. Unless otherwise posted, the speed limit within city limits is 60 kph (37 mph). (para 18d)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    36. How many times greater is the force of collision if the driving speed is doubled? (para 18j)

    a. Twice as great.
    b. Three times as great.
    c. Four times as great.
    37. Minimum speed limits must be obeyed according to which of the following? (para 18h)

    a. Except where road or traffic conditions make drivers drive more slowly.
    b. Except when visibility or weather conditions make drivers drive more slowly.
    c. Both of the above.
    38. When traveling on multilane roads with dense traffic, it is illegal for vehicles in the right lane to go faster than those in the left lane. (paras 20b(4)(b) and 20b(7))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    39. A slow vehicle is being followed by several other vehicles that cannot pass because of the traffic. On reaching a suitable place (such as a wide place in the roadway), the driver of the slow vehicle should pull to the right to allow the other vehicles to pass. (para 20b(11))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    40. What must a driver do when approaching a round blue sign with a white number 30 on it? (sign 275)

    a. Stay off this road if driving a vehicle that can move only at a speed of less than 30 kph (20 mph).
    b. Not exceed 30 kph.
    c. Not drive at less than 30 kph, weather conditions and traffic permitting.
    d. Both a and c above.
    41. When passing, drivers must return to the right as soon as possible without impeding the vehicle being passed. (para 20b(5)(d))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    42. Drivers may exceed the posted speed limit while passing another vehicle. (para 20b(3))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    43. Drivers may not increase their speed while being passed. (para 20b(10))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    44. Drivers may pass a streetcar on the left when the road is a one-way street. (para 20b(4)(a))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    45. Two-wheeled vehicles are particularly dangerous to pass and should be passed only with side clearance of at least 1.5 meters. (para 30b(1))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    46. When is passing another vehicle prohibited? (para 20b(1)(c))

    a. When the traffic situation is unclear.
    b. When there is a broken center line.
    c. When passing can be accomplished without exceeding the speed limit.
    47. At unmarked intersections, vehicles coming from the right have the right-of-way. (para 19b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    48. In the city where no priority signs are posted, the driver on the widest street has the right-of-way. (para 19b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    49. The “right-before-left” rule applies at unmarked intersections. (para 19b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    50. A driver wants to leave a private driveway and turn right onto a public road. At the same time, a cyclist is approaching from the left. Who has to wait? (para 19c(2))

    a. The cyclist.
    b. The driver of the motor vehicle.
    51. A driver who disregards the safety of others is excused legally from responsibility when he or she has the right-of-way. (paras 10 and 19m)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    52. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (para 19)

    a. 1-2-3.
    b. 2-1-3.
    c. 3-1-2.
    53. What does the driver of vehicle 2 have to do? (para 19)

    a. Observe the right-of-way of vehicle 1.
    b. Proceed without stopping.
    c. Observe the right-of-way of vehicle 3.
    54. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (para 19)

    a. 1-2-3.
    b. 2-1-3.
    c. 3-2-1.
    55. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (para 19)

    a. 3-2-1.
    b. 3-1-2.
    c. 2-3-1.
    56. When a driver is traveling in the direction of the white arrow, what must the driver do when faced with oncoming traffic? (sign 308)

    a. Yield the right-of-way.
    b. Proceed.
    c. Flash the headlights and proceed.
    57. Which vehicle has the right-of-way? (para 19i and sign 205)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    58. Which vehicle has the right-of-way? (para 19i and sign 205)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    59. Which vehicle must yield? (para 19c(1))

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    60. Which vehicle must wait? (para 20a(4)(d))

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    61. Which vehicle must wait? (para 19k)

    a. Vehicles 1 and 2.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicle 3.
    62. When may vehicle 2 turn? (para 20a(3)(d))

    a. Before vehicle 1.
    b. After vehicle 1.
    63. What must the driver of vehicle 1 do? (paras 19b and 20a(3))

    a. Turn in front of vehicle 3.
    b. Observe the right-of-way of vehicle 3.
    c. Turn in front of vehicle 2.
    64. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (paras 19b and 20a(3))

    a. 3-2-1.
    b. 2-1-3.
    c. 3-1-2.
    65. Which vehicle must wait? (para 19b)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    66. When may vehicle 3 proceed? (para 19d and signs 205 and 301)

    a. After vehicle 1.
    b. After vehicles 1 and 2.
    c. Before vehicle 2.
    d. Before vehicles 1 and 2.
    67. Which two vehicles have to wait at these junctions? (para 19b and signs 205 and 301)

    a. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    b. Vehicles 1 and 3.
    c. Vehicles 2 and 4.
    68. What does the driver of vehicle 2 have to do? (para 20a(3) and signs 206 and 301)

    a. Wait at a point where he or she can see along the priority road.
    b. Let vehicle 1 move ahead first.
    c. Both of the above.
    69. What does the driver of vehicle 3 have to do? (para 19g and sign 306)

    a. Yield to vehicle 1.
    b. Move on.
    c. Yield to vehicle 2.
    70. When may vehicle 1 proceed? (para 19g and signs 306 and 306 with 1002-12)

    a. Before vehicle 2.
    b. After vehicle 2.
    71. Which vehicle is the last to go? (paras 20a(3) and (4), and signs 206 and 306)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicle 3.
    72. Which vehicle has the right-of-way? (para 19b and sign 267)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    73. In which order must the vehicles proceed? (paras 19f and g, and signs 306 with 1002-12 and 205 with 1002-21)

    a. 2-3-1.
    b. 3-1-2.
    c. 2-1-3.
    74. Which vehicle has the right-of-way? (para 19g and sign 306 with 1002-12)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    75. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (paras 19a and 20a(3), and signs 205 and 306)

    a. 1-2-3.
    b. 1-3-2.
    c. 2-1-3.
    76. The driver of vehicle 1 wants to turn left. To do so, the driver must pull up to the middle of the intersection in front of vehicle 2 and then allow vehicle 3 to pass in front of her. (paras 19b and 20a(3))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    77. Does vehicle 2 have to wait? (para 19g, sign 205 with 1002-21, and sign 306 with 1002-12)

    a. Yes.
    b. No.
    78. In which order must the vehicles proceed? (para 20a(3) and signs 205 and 306)

    a. 3-2-1.
    b. 2-1-3.
    c. 1-2-3.
    79. In which order must the vehicles proceed? (para 20a(3) and signs 206 and 306)

    a. 2-3-1.
    b. 2-1-3.
    c. 3-2-1.
    80. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (paras 19g and 20a(3) and signs 205 and 306)

    a. 2-1-3.
    b. 3-2-1.
    c. 3-1-2.
    81. In which order may the vehicles proceed? (para 19g and sign 306 with 1002-12)

    a. 2-3-1.
    b. 3-1-2.
    c. 2-1-3.
    82. U-turns are prohibited on autobahns. (paras 21i(1) and 30d)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    83. The turn indicator must be used for all turns and to warn other traffic of the driver’s intention to do which of the following? (para 24f)

    a. Pass another vehicle or change lanes of traffic.
    b. Pull away from a curb or parked position.
    c. Leave a traffic circle.
    d. All of the above.
    84. When a streetcar comes up behind a driver’s vehicle while the driver is waiting to make a left turn, the driver must do which of the following? (para 20a(3)(d))

    a. Move to the next block or to some point where a left turn can be made without holding up the streetcar.
    b. Maintain his or her position, because the streetcar does not have the right-of-way.
    c. Wait until oncoming traffic is clear and then make the turn.
    85. A driver on the right-hand side of the road who wants to turn left should do which of the following? (para 20a(3))

    a. Move next to the center line, watch traffic to the rear, and give a directional signal.
    b. Watch traffic to the rear, give a directional signal, and move next to the center line.
    c. Give a directional signal, move to the center, and watch traffic to the rear.
    86. Which vehicle must give a directional signal? (paras 19g(4) and 20a(3))

    a. Vehicle 2.
    b. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    c. Vehicles 1 and 3.
    87. Whose position is incorrect for the left turn? (para 20a(3))

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicles 1 and 3.
    88. Which position is correct for a left turn? (para 20a(3))

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicle 3.
    89. A vehicle is considered to be parked when the driver leaves the vehicle or the vehicle has been stopped for longer than which of the following? (para 23d)

    a. 2 minutes.
    b. 3 minutes.
    c. 5 minutes.
    90. On which streets is parking on the left permitted? (para 23a)

    a. On one-way streets and on streets that have streetcar tracks that do not permit parking on the right side.
    b. On two-way streets.
    c. On country roads.
    91. Outside city limits, the minimum distance for parking cars from a warning cross indicating a railroad crossing is 50 meters (165 feet). (para 23e(8))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    92. What is the minimum distance to park cars from marked or unmarked junctions or pedestrian crosswalks? (para 23e(5))

    a. 5 meters.
    b. 10 meters.
    c. 50 meters.
    93. Stopping is prohibited at which of the following? (paras 21i(2) and 23a)

    a. On the autobahn.
    b. On either side of a one-way street.
    c. Both of the above.
    94. Parking is prohibited at which of the following? (para 23e and signs 229, 283, and 286)

    a. In front of a private driveway or an entrance.
    b. At taxi stands.
    c. Wherever official signs expressly forbid it.
    d. All of the above.
    95. How close to a public transportation stop is stopping or parking allowed? (para 23e(6))

    a. 15 meters (45 feet).
    b. 5 meters (15 feet).
    c. 2 meters (6 feet).
    96. Drivers may park beside a traffic island as long as their parking lights are on. (para 23e(9))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    97. POVs may be left unattended and unlocked if no property of value is left in plain view. (para 12)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    98. A driver is required to warn approaching traffic when his or her vehicle is stopped for any reason on any road. (paras 13b(1)(b) and 27b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    99. At what distance should the warning triangle be placed if a vehicle breaks down on any road other than an autobahn? (paras 13b(1)(b) and 27b)

    a. 50 meters (150 feet).
    b. 100 meters (300 feet).
    c. 150 meters (450 feet).
    100. Emergency warning equipment should be stored where? (para 27a)

    a. In the trunk of the car.
    b. In the passenger compartment under the front seat.
    c. In the garage or storage area until needed.
    101. If involved in a traffic accident that is investigated by only German officials, U.S. Forces drivers are not required to notify the military police or security forces. (paras 13b(1)(d) and 13d(2))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    102. Under the Good Samaritan Law in Germany, drivers are required to render first aid to persons injured in a traffic accident if reasonably possible. (para 28)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    103. A person who is involved in a traffic accident and flees the scene may be prosecuted. (paras 13b(1)(a) and 13b(2)(c))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    104. When are drivers required to switch on headlights? (para 30h(1))

    a. At dusk and dawn.
    b. When weather conditions require it.
    c. When driving through fog.
    d. All of the above.
    105. When is the use of fog lights and low-beam headlights permitted in daylight? (para 30h(3))

    a. If visibility is reduced by fog or snowfall.
    b. If visibility is reduced by rain.
    c. Both of the above.
    106. When are drivers allowed to use only the parking lights while driving? (para 30h(2))

    a. At dusk or dawn.
    b. Not at all.
    c. When there is adequate street lighting.
    107. Headlights must be dimmed for oncoming traffic and when following another driver to reduce the glare in his or her rearview mirror. (para 30h(4))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    108. When either nighttime or daytime visibility is substantially reduced by fog, rain, or snowfall, use of low-beam headlights is required. (para 30h(1))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    109. What is the minimum speed a vehicle must be able to maintain on the autobahn? (para 21a)

    a. 50 kph (31 mph).
    b. 60 kph (37 mph).
    c. 80 kph (50 mph).
    110. If a vehicle breaks down on the autobahn, help can be obtained by which of the following? (para 21g)

    a. Calling the nearest autobahn gas station.
    b. Flagging down another driver.
    c. Using one of the telephone boxes located at regular intervals along the autobahn.
    111. How long may a driver remain in the passing lane while traveling at a high rate of speed? (para 21d)

    a. Only as long as necessary to pass other vehicles.
    b. Until the vehicle ahead completes its passing maneuver.
    c. As long as there is no driver behind flashing lights to move ahead.
    d. Both a and b above.
    112. Stopping (except in emergencies or in designated parking areas), making U-turns, and backing up are prohibited on autobahns. (para 21i)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    113. If a driver misses an autobahn exit, the driver must drive to the next exit and use the overpass or underpass. (para 21c)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    114. Which parts of the autobahn are particularly prone to becoming ice hazards? (para 18a(5)(a))

    a. Bridges.
    b. Stretches leading through forests.
    c. Both of the above.
    115. Drivers who run out of gas on the autobahn may be fined for stopping on the autobahn. (para 21i(3))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    116. When vehicles are halted at railroad crossings at night waiting for a train to pass, drivers must turn on high-beam headlights. (para 22g)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    117. What must a driver do when passing a streetcar that has stopped to take on and let off passengers on the roadway? (para 23b)

    a. Wait until the streetcar proceeds.
    b. Pass at a moderate speed and at such a distance that boarding and unboarding passengers are not bothered.
    c. Stop and proceed only after the streetcar doors are closed and the roadway is clear of pedestrians.
    118. What must a driver do when approaching a railroad crossing without a warning cross? (para 22c)

    a. Approach with caution and look both directions for approaching trains.
    b. Be alert for whistles, bells, or other sounds that indicate an approaching train.
    c. Both of the above.
    119. When are drivers required to wait at a railroad crossing? (para 22a)

    a. When there is a flashing red light.
    b. When a train has just passed.
    c. When there is more than one track.
    120. When may drivers cross the tracks of an unguarded railroad crossing marked by a flashing light when a train has just passed? (para 22a)

    a. As soon as the train clears the crossing.
    b. When the flashing red light goes out.
    c. When the flashing green light goes on.
    121. What must a driver do when approaching a railroad crossing where the barriers are open? (para 22c)

    a. Approach at a moderate speed and observe the tracks to the right and left.
    b. Proceed without slowing down.
    c. Come to a complete stop, look to the left and right of the tracks, then continue to drive.
    122. In a housing area controlled by the U.S. Forces, what are drivers required to do when approaching a school bus that has come to a stop? (para 20b(6)(b))

    a. Slow down and pass with caution.
    b. Stop, regardless of whether or not approaching or following the bus, and do not continue until the bus begins to move again.
    c. Stop only if the bus is on the driver’s side of the road.
    123. When a streetcar has stopped at a pedestrian island, drivers must watch out for passengers getting on and off, but may proceed carefully on the right. (para 23b)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    124. Passing a vehicle at a railroad crossing is illegal. (para 20b(1)(e))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    125. If a vehicle breaks down on the autobahn, the vehicle may be towed to the which of the following? (para 30j)

    a. The next gas station on the autobahn.
    b. The next autobahn exit.
    c. The original destination on the autobahn, provided a tow bar is used.
    d. All of the above.
    126. Under what conditions may drivers pass other vehicles at zebra crossings? (para 20a(5)(b))

    a. If the crossing is hard to see.
    b. If there are no pedestrians waiting to cross.
    c. None. Drivers must not pass other vehicles at zebra crossings.
    127. When a driver sees a pedestrian wearing a yellow armband marked with three black dots attempting to cross the street, the driver must do which of the following? (para 20a(5)(c))

    a. Slow down and stop if necessary to allow the pedestrian to cross.
    b. Proceed if the pedestrian is accompanied by another person or a guide dog.
    c. Both of the above.
    128. Which vehicle or vehicles must stop? (para 20a(5) and signs 293 and 350)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    c. Vehicles 1, 2, and 3.
    129. Drivers may not pass cars at a pedestrian crosswalk even if no pedestrian is in sight. (para 20a(5)(b))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    130. The light is green. What must the driver do? (para 20a(4))

    a. Wait and permit the pedestrians to cross.
    b. Urge the pedestrians to hurry by honking the horn.
    c. Keep moving, because the pedestrians must wait.
    131. The basic rule in observing hand signals given by German police officers is that traffic parallel to the outstretched arms of the officer may proceed. (para 30f and figs 1 through 5)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    132. When approaching a congested intersection and the light is green, the driver should do which of the following? (para 30a(5))

    a. Proceed across the intersection with caution.
    b. Stop before the intersection until the intersection is clear.
    c. Proceed across the intersection, flashing headlights to warn other vehicles.
    133. Which vehicle is allowed to proceed? (para 30f and fig 2)

    a. Vehicles 1 and 2.
    b. Vehicle 3.
    c. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    134. Which vehicle is allowed to proceed without stopping? (para 30f and fig 5)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicle 3.
    d. Vehicles 1, 2, and 3.
    135. Which vehicle must wait? (para 30f and figs 1 and 4)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    c. Vehicle 3.
    d. Vehicles 1 and 2.
    136. When a yellow light is flashing at an intersection, the driver must do what? (para 30a(3)(d))

    a. Approach cautiously and yield the right-of-way if necessary.
    b. Wait until the light changes.
    c. Always stop.
    137. What must the driver do when approaching an intersection and seeing the traffic light turn from green to yellow? (para 30a(2))

    a. Proceed.
    b. Stop at the line.
    c. Stop at the line if safe to do so.
    138. If the driver of a passenger vehicle wants to turn left and a streetcar traveling in the same direction left of the passenger vehicle is proceeding straight ahead, which vehicle has to wait? (para 20a(3)(d))

    a. The streetcar.
    b. The passenger vehicle.
    139. A police officer controls traffic at an intersection and the traffic lights are in operation. Which signals must drivers obey? (para 30f)

    a. The police officer’s.
    b. The traffic light’s.
    c. Neither, because the “right-before-left” rule applies in both cases.
    140. The yellow light is flashing. Which vehicles have to stop? (paras 30a(3)(c) and (d))

    a. Vehicles 1 and 2.
    b. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    c. Vehicles 1 and 3.
    141. Which vehicles may proceed? (para 30f)

    a. Vehicles 1 and 2.
    b. Vehicles 2 and 3.
    c. Vehicles 1 and 3.
    142. The illustration shows a signal that indicates the driver may proceed in which direction? (para 30a)

    a. To the right.
    b. To the left.
    c. Straight ahead.
    d. All of the above.
    143. In this situation, drivers may do what? (para 30a(4)(c))

    a. Turn right.
    b. Proceed straight ahead or wait if turning left.
    c. Both of the above.
    144. A driver who notices that an emergency vehicle (for example, ambulance, fire truck, police car) is approaching should do which of the following? (para 19n)

    a. Drive to the extreme right in normal traffic.
    b. In bumper-to-bumper traffic on two-lane autobahns, or other multilane roads, move on slowly, driving to the extreme right in the right-hand lane and to the extreme left in the left-hand lane to form a passageway in the middle.
    c. Both of the above.
    145. What do drivers have to do when a vehicle with flashing lights and a multitone horn approaches? (para 19n)

    a. Clear the road immediately.
    b. Stop immediately.
    c. Both of the above.
    146. Which vehicle has to wait? (para 19n)

    a. Vehicle 1.
    b. Vehicle 2.
    147. Drunk driving is a felony in Germany and may result in imprisonment for up to 5 years. (para 26a)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    148. What besides alcohol may impair a person’s ability to drive safely? (para 30e)

    a. Fatigue.
    b. Medication.
    c. Both of the above.
    149. Refusal to undergo a urine or blood alcohol content (BAC) test when requested to do so by the military police or security forces will result in revocation of driving privileges. (paras 16c(1)(a) and 26b(4))

    a. True.
    b. False.
    150. If the German police suspect drivers of driving while intoxicated, they may demand, using force if necessary, that drivers submit to a urine or BAC test. (para 26c)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    151. When may a horn be honked within city limits? (paras 24a and e)

    a. When a pedestrian suddenly steps out onto the roadway.
    b. When another vehicle suddenly backs into the street from a narrow driveway.
    c. Both of the above.
    152. During daytime, where is it permitted to use headlights to signal the intention to pass? (paras 24c and d)

    a. Outside city limits.
    b. Within city limits.
    c. Both of the above.
    153. Inside city limits, drivers may indicate their intention to pass by flashing headlights or sounding the horn. (para 24d)

    a. True.
    b. False.
    154. A driver in the passing lane of the autobahn must slow down if he or she sees a vehicle approaching from behind with flashing headlights. (para 20b(9))

    a. True.
    b. False.


    1. a23. b45. a67. a89. b111. d133. c
    2. b24. d46. a.68. c90. a.112. a134. d
    3. d25. a47. a69. b91. a113. a135. d
    4. a26. a48. b70. a92. a114. c136. a
    5. b27. a49. a71. b93. a115. a137. c
    6. b28. a50. b72. a94. d116. b138. b
    7. b29. a51. b73. c95. a117. c139. a
    8. a30. a52. b74. a96. b118. c140. a
    9. a31. a53. c75. b97. b119. a141. b
    10. b32. a54. a76. a98. a120. b142. d
    11. b33. b55. a77. b99. b121. a143. a
    12. b34. a56. b78. b100. b122. b144. c
    13. a35. b57. a79. c101. b123. a145. c
    14. c36. c58. a80. c102. a124. a146. b
    15. a37. c59. b81. a103. a125. b147. a
    16. a38. b60. a82. a104. d126. c148. c
    17. a39. a61. c83. d105. c127. a149. a
    18. b40. d62. a84. a106. b128. b150. a
    19. d41. a63. b85. b107. a129. a151. c
    20. a42. b64. a86. c108. a130. a152. a
    21. a43. a65. b87. c109. b131. a153. b
    22. a44. a66. b88. b110. c132. b154. b





    Army in Europe


    Air Force


    Air Force instruction


    Army regulation


    blood alcohol content


    cubic centimeter


    Untied States Department of Transportation


    field registration station




    high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle


    insurance confirmation card

    ID identification


    kilometer per hour


    military police


    miles per gallon


    miles per hour


    North Atlantic Treaty Organization


    optional form


    Provost Marshal, United States Army, Europe


    preventive maintenance checks and services


    privately owned vehicle


    Registry of Motor Vehicles


    security forces


    Status of Forces Agreement


    Uniform Code of Military Justice


    United States


    United States Air Forces in Europe


    United States Army Europe


    wrecking service

    Anlieger frei
    residents only


    bei Nässe
    when wet

    fine [based on a judgment]


    driving school

    keep free (for example, do not block a driveway)

    secondary route


    traffic jam


    Straßenbahn Vorfahrt
    streetcar has the right-of-way

    highway superintendent

    road damage

    literally “accident aid” (This roughly equates to the English term “ambulance chaser.”)

    insurance confirmation card

    on-the-spot (warning) fine

    Vorfahrt geändert
    right-of-way changed